ISC40感应传感器只有一个电极因数(常数),它涵盖了几乎整个电导率测量范围(50-2,000,000 µS/cm)。传感器的精度只在低端(低于50 µS)受影响。
耐腐蚀/耐磨的PEEK (聚醚醚酮)在所有溶液(氟酸或氧化浓酸除外)中都具有出色的耐化学性。耐化学性的最佳材料是PFA (特氟龙)，用于氢氟酸和氧化浓酸(硝酸、硫酸、发烟硫酸)。
在线测量通常会面临额外的挑战，特别是需要进行日常维护时。PR10非常适用于需要移除传感器但又不能中断或停车的过程应用场合。无需任何特殊工具即可在高达5 bar (72 psi)的压力下将PR10从生产过程中安全收回。PR10是一种通用的可伸缩组件，可用于测量所有液体。PR10可接受任何PG13.5接口的市售pH/ORP或溶解氧传感器，同时仍与旧款横河电机电极向后兼容。
To defray energy costs, many industrial plants have their own boilers to generate steam to produce a portion of their energy needs. In addition to generating power, the steam may also be used directly in plant processes or indirectly via heat exchangers or steam jacketed vessels.
Process liquid analyzers such as pH meters, conductivity meters, ORP meters, and density meters play an important role at electrolysis plants in the control of concentrations of various process solutions. This requires both precision and stability under harsh conditions that include highly corrosive substances, high temperatures, and many impurities.
Control of sodium chloride (NaCl) concentration at a salt dissolver where solid salt is dissolved in water, is highly important because of the electrolysis efficiency. A conventional way of measuring the concentration of supersaturated NaCl solution had been performed by using non-contact type sensors (e.g., γ-ray density meter) since NaCl, impurities, and precipitates are in the solution.
In a semiconductor plant, a variety of chemicals are used in various manufacturing processes. The chemicals used for specific purposes are produced by diluting raw liquid with demineralized water using in diluting equipment, and the control of the concentration at this point is performed by conductivity measurement.
In the manufacturing process of Pharmaceutical, Chemical and Food & Beverage industries, the cleaning and sterilization of tanks and piping are done with various cleaning solutions, fresh or hot water and steam after manufacturing products. Clean-In-Place (CIP) is the system designed for automatic cleaning and disinfecting.
In the past, the boiler feed tank systems in sugar factories had to be checked several times a day to make sure there were no sugar solution leaks. This was a very laborious process and, as continuous monitoring was not possible, monitoring results were not reliable. When a leak occurred, recovery operations were very costly and time-consuming.
The term "cooling tower" is used to describe both direct (open circuit) and indirect (closed circuit) heat rejection equipment. Cooling towers are heat-transfer units, used to remove heat from any water-cooled system. The cooled water is then re-circulated (and thus, recycled) back into the system. Since the process water is re-circulated, the mineral concentration increases as a result of the evaporation.
Industry:Refining, Food and Beverage, Power, Oil and Gas, Pulp and Paper, Chemical