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The new Yokogawa TruePeak Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy (TDLS200) Analyzer is one of the most robust process analyzers available designed to make fast, accurate measurements on near-infrared absorbing gases in harsh process environments, where conditions are of high temperature or pressure, it can be used under difficult conditions including environments involving corrosive, aggressive and high particulate content materials.
The TruePeak Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy (TDLS200) Analyzer is ideally suited to in-situ analysis, particularly for measurements in environments involving changing pressure or temperature. It can operate with process pressures up to 20 bar absolute and process temperature up to 1500°C, has a fast response (from 2 to 20 seconds), and is interference-free for most applications.
It can measure Carbon monoxide (CO), from low ppm detection limits to percentage levels at process temperatures of up to 1500°C. The analyzer can also be used for measuring parts per million moisture content in corrosive and aggressive process streams including chlorine and hydrocarbons.
It offers a range of flexible installation options, and features on-board diagnostics. Using a tunable diode laser as a monochromatic light source offers the benefits of sensitivity, selectivity to resolve single absorption lines, and power – to overcome the effects of optically thick environments with high particulate loading.
The new instrument is one of the most robust process analyzers available. In addition to operating in conditions of high temperature or pressure, it can be used under difficult conditions including environments involving corrosive, aggressive and high particulate content materials.
The TruePeak Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy (TDLS200) Analyzer is a compact stand-alone unit with available in a 4´20 vacuum fluorescent display for scrolling information or a 7-inch color screen with keypad. The instrument offers a range of interfaces including Ethernet, USB communication for safe or hazardous areas.
The instrument includes three configurable 4-20 mA outputs, two 4-20 mA inputs in case of temperature and pressure compensation, and relay outputs including warning/fault relays and 3 valve drivers for validation or stream switching.
The ability of the new The TruePeak Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy (TDLS200) Analyzer to carry out accurate online process measurements makes it ideally suited to applications such as combustion control, where it can be used to optimize the combustion process by measuring excess oxygen and carbon monoxide on a precise and continuous basis.
It also allows carbon monoxide to be accurately measured on a continuous basis at low ppm levels so that air fuel ratios can be precisely and continually optimized.
Other potential applications of the TruePeak Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy (TDLS200) Analyzer include the monitoring of carbon monoxide, methane and moisture to enable burner flame-out and process tube leaks to be identified; the measurement of oxygen on flare lines, alkylation units and gas plants; the monitoring of carbon monoxide and oxygen on fluid catalytic cracking units for safety and catalyst regeneration; or the detection of low ppm concentrations of moisture in hydrocarbons in catalytic reforming processes.
Cracking is used to break down the long chains of hydrocarbons that crude oil is comprised of into smaller hydrocarbon chains. Cracking was originally done thermally, and continued until 1933, when the Houdry process for catalytic cracking was developed. The Houdry units were preferentially adopted in following years due to producing a much higher portion of higher octane gasoline during cracking. The process was improved once again and became known as Thermofor Catalytic Cracking (TCC) and involved the use of a moving catalyst bed. The first commercial TCC unit was developed in 1943 in Beaumont, Texas and it is speculated that TCC and Houdry units played a large part in the allied victory of World War II. Around the same time, MIT professors Lewis and Gilliland developed a Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) which involves passing just enough air though the catalyst that it floats, allowing it to function as a fluid. FCCUs have since become the dominantly produced cracking unit. FCCUs used in conjunction with catalyst zeolite Type Y have increased the yield (~45% of total yield from the feed) and octane rating of gasoline far above of what would be achievable with thermal cracking. As of 2011, catalytic cracking produced over 8,700,000 barrels of motor gasoline per day in the US alone.
If water is present after the dry chlorine tower in brine electrolysis plants, the downstream compressor is corroded or the product quality is deteriorated. The moisture level is measured before and after the compressor to prevent the corrosion of the compressor and the deterioration of quality.
An accurate measurement of the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration in the boiler flue gas can be used to achieve the goals of combustion efficiency, pollutant emissions reduction, and safe operation. By measuring the concentration of CO, power plants are able fine tune the air to fuel ratio used on the burners to obtain the highest combustion efficiency.
The ammonia (NH3) gas is injected to remove the NOx and thus reduce the NOx concentration in the stack flue gas. With conventional NH3 analyzers that perform measurements indirectly, NH3 concentrations are obtained through a sampling system. Therefore, there are problems with the maintenance and running costs of the sampling system, and time delays in measurement. The TDLS200 Laser Analyzer is the solution to all these problems.
O2 measurement in hydrocarbon vapor is used for safety monitoring in vacuum distillation columns in petroleum refining. With conventional paramagnetic oxygen analyzers, O2 concentrations are obtained through an extractive sampling system, which conditions the sample prior to being analyzed.
Industrial Combustion sources such as thermal cracking furnaces and, process heaters play a critical role in the process industry. Because the large amount of fuel such as gas or fuel oil which is consumed in these processes, their combustion efficiency directly affects the performance and operational costs of the production facilities.
Electrolysis plants create hydrogen and chlorine from a brine solution. Chlorine gas generated from the anolyte of the electrolysis tank generally contains between 0.5 to 2.0 vol% H2O. The sample is then cooled and filtered to remove brine, subsequently coming out as wet chlorine gas. The wet gas is sent to a drying tower where it is treated with sulfuric acid to get moisture down to the ppm level.
Reduction of air pollutant emissions is essential to protecting the environment and this is an issue that concerns all industries. Efforts are being made to reduce the emission of harmful substances from municipal refuse incinerators by measuring concentrations of components such as NOx, SO2, CO2, and CO in their exhaust gases.
O2 measurement is used to safely recover flue gas containing a high concentration of CO from a converter furnace. With conventional paramagnetic oxygen analyzers, O2 concentrations are obtained through a sampling system to recovery flue gas. Therefore, there are problems with the maintenance and running costs of the sampling system, and time delays in measurement.
In this eBook we explain how to improve fired heaters safety & efficiency by controlling combustion using TDLS technology. Download it now and learn:
In recent years, shale gas extraction technology has made rapid progress, inducing a shale gas revolution mainly in the USA. Thus, the need for analysis of hydrocarbon gases, including natural gas, is expected to grow rapidly. Traditionally gas chromatography has been used for the analysis of hydrocarbon gases; it can accurately measure the concentration of each hydrocarbon component in a sample of natural gas.
Combustion furnaces such as heating furnaces and boilers in plants include various sizes and types, and serve as energy sources, that is, they are cores in all production activities. Because a large amount of fuel such as gas or fuel oil is consumed in plants, their combustion efficiency directly affects the performance and running cost of the plants.
A laser gas analyzer employing the tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) method has a feature capable of measuring the concentration of the sample gas with high selectivity for gas components and without contact only by irradiating the gas sample with light from a tunable diode laser. Thus fast and accurate in-situ measurements can be performed in process lines under various measurement conditions.
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