G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are seven-transmembrane receptors and exist on the cell membrane surface in various conditions. It transmits information from the outside to the inside of cells, and controls various cell functions via the G-proteins when combined with specific ligands such as hormones and neurotransmitters. Since they have various bioactivities, GPCRs are the most important targets in drug development. When GPCRs are stimulated by their ligands for a long period, they are internalized from the cell membrane into the cytoplasm as vesicles and form endosomes, with neurokinin-1 receptors (NK1R) causing desensitization (internalization). The granule analysis protocol can be used to analyze GPCR internalization.
Fig.1:Images ware captured using CellVoyager CV6000
(a) Original image of control cells
(b) Original image of substance P (1μM) stimulation
(c) Magnified image from (a)
(d) Magnified image from (b)
(e) Granule recognition of (a)
(f) Granule recognition of (b)
Nuclei is stained by stained with Hoechst33342 and NK1R is stained by Alexa488.
Fig. 2: Substance P concentration and NK1R internalization
(a) Dose-response curve for number of granules per cell
(b) Dose-response curve for total area of granules per cell
- COS7 strain cells stably over-expressing NK1R were plated on 96-well plates at 10,000 cells/well, cultured for 24 hours, and treated with substance P (0-1μM) for 20 minutes.
- The cells were fixed with formaldehyde and stained NK1R with Alexa488, and nuclei with Hoechst33342, respectively.
- Images were acquired by using the CellVoyager CV6000 under the following conditions:
•Magnification: 40x objective lens
•Images captured per well: 9 Fileds
•Z-slices: 15 slices (1μm step)
•Exposure time: Alexa 488: 800msec, Hoechst33342: 300msec
- The images were analyzed by using the “Granule Analysis" protocol.
•Identify nuclear regions from the nuclear image, and cytoplasmic and granular regions from the NK1R images, respectively.
•Analyze the association among the regions of nuclei, cytoplasm and granules.
Results and Conclusion
NK1R internalization depending on the substance P concentration was clearly visualized and analyzed by using the CellVoyager and the “Granule Analysis” protocol (Fig. 2). The capability of the “Granular Analysis” software to calculate various numerical data, such as the number, area and brightness of granules, or location and area of cells, enables multilateral discussion. In conclusion, imaging and analysis by using the CellVoyager and “Granular Analysis” protocol will be a powerful tool to discover new drug candidates targeting GPCRs.
Our Social Medias
We post our information to the following SNSs. Please follow us.
|Follow us||Share our application|
|@Yokogawa_LS||Share on Twitter|
|Yokogawa Life Science||Share on Facebook|
|Yokogawa Life Science||Share on LinkedIn|
Yokogawa's Official Social Media Account List
Related Products & Solutions
Benchtop CQ1 Confocal System
The CellVoyager CQ1 provides the highest quality confocal images and extended live-cell imaging in a space-saving benchtop design.
CV8000 High-Throughput System
CellVoyager CV8000 is the most advanced high-content screening system. The improved built-in incubator lets you analyze extended live cell responses. With its expandability, 4 cameras, 5 lasers and an optional built-in pipettor, the system permits increasingly complex assay development and high-content screening.
High Content Analysis CellVoyager
Our high-content analysis (HCA) systems utilize powerful software to address a wide range of research applications from basic science to complex compound screening.
Yokogawa’s high content analysis systems and dual spinning disk confocal technologies provide high-speed and high-resolution live cell imaging, enabling leading-edge research around the world.
Contact a Yokogawa Expert to learn how we can help you solve your challenges.