ITO Hiroki1 KATO Makiko1 TORIGOE Kenji1 TOMO Tetsuya1
We have developed Standard Batch Report Package for CENTUM CS. This package is a useful report function for batch process which has an open interface. This papaer describes the concept, functions and effectiveness of this package.
CENTUM is a registered trademark of Yokogawa Electric Corporation.
Report functions in process control are often positioned as part of the logger functions. However, plant operation data in a batch process should be not only logged regularly but also acquired and managed for each batch execution. The report function for logging plant operations in a batch process mainly comprises a function to print out plant operation data collected for each batch execution, and there are various approaches available to implement this function. As a key point in its implementation, it is necessary to take into account the various popular document creation software programs that run on personal computers (PCs). Such programs have inexpensive, advanced document output functions, and it is important to make the best use of them. Our Standard Batch Report Package is a report function developed in consideration of this aspect.
The developmental concepts of this package are as follows.
Figure 1 Structure of the Standard Batch Report Package
Employing the aforementioned concepts, this package for the CENTUM CS has been structured as shown in Figure 1.
|Figure 2 Open Link Interface|
3. Open Architecture
Figure 2 shows the structure of the open link interface of the standard batch report function. The interface covers the following:
Table 1 Types of Printed Data Items
|Classification||Printed data||Classification||Printed data|
|Constant||Character||CS Batch Common block data||Common block data|
|Numeric string||Common block comment|
|Process data||process data||Common block item comment|
|Tag comment||Common block engineering unit|
|Tag item comment||CS Batch recipe header||Created item|
|Tag engineering unit||Recipe name|
|Alarm/Event||Batch journal||Recipe comment|
|Historical data||Trend data||Product name|
|Calculated value||Arithmetic expression||Author|
|Cell data||Security level|
|Time value||Printing time||Recipe description|
1. Printed Data
|Figure 3 Structure of a Batch Report|
Table 1 lists data items which can be printed in a batch report. A simple character string can be used to instruct the program to collect each data item found in the batch report definition so that, even when a batch report is defined by another software program via the open link interface, data can still be acquired easily.
2. Configuration of Batch Report
As shown in Figure 3, batch reports supported by this package comprise two parts having different formats. One is where the batch report format is in spreadsheet form and the other is where the format is free. A spreadsheet divides a sheet of paper into blocks called cells where data are distributed, thereby presenting a print format for an entire batch report. Spreadsheets are effective when the number and the format of data items can be decided beforehand.
The free-format portion is used when the number and the format of data items cannot be determined beforehand, as in the case of an alarm event. In addition, the following functions are available to make more advanced batch reports.
Figure 4 shows an example of a printed batch report created with this package.
|Figure 4 Example of a Printed Batch Report|
3. Format of Printed Data
The format of the data to be printed in each cell can be designated in detail by the position of the data in a cell, the number of digits, and the position of the decimal point. However, if the printed data are for plant operations, it is general practice for the format to be designated separately during the engineering operation due to the display format for the operation and monitoring function. Therefore, it is troublesome to designate the format again at the time of batch report definition. This package has a function for deciding the format according to the display format defined beforehand in the plant operation data.
4. Builder Function
The objective of the builder function is to create a file called a formatter that defines the printed data and format of a batch report and loads it to the print-out function.
Table 2 Batch Report Print Startup Methods
|Auto||CS Batch recipe end|
|CS Batch unit recipe end|
|Manual||CS Batch operation|
|Event driven||Sequence massage|
5. Print-out function
|Figure 5 Formatter Creation Screen|
The print-out function collects data, forms a print image, and outputs it to the printer according to the formatter file created by the builder function.
In this paper, we described the concepts, functions, and effectiveness of the report function in a batch process. On the basis of the concepts of the package as a report function, development will proceed according to user needs which will become more diversified in the future.
*2 Batch control package in CENTUM CS
*3 CSV is an abbreviation for Comma Separated Values, meaning the text format in which data are delimited by a comma.
*4 A registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, USA.
Since it was released in 1993, CENTUM CS is widely applied in the plants of oil refinery, petrochemical, chemistry, iron and steel, non-ferrous metal, metal, cement, paper pulp, food and pharmaceutical industries, and power, gas and water supply as well as many other public utilities.
Our distributed control system (DCS) enables automation and control of industrial processes and enhanced business performance. Over 10,000 plants entrust Yokogawa DCS to deliver their production goals.