PTT Public Company Limited, Thailand
In 1997, PTT Public Company Limited built the Khanom gas separation plant (GSP #4). Located in Nakron Srithummarat, 700 km south of Bangkok, GSP #4 receives gas via a 24 inch undersea pipeline from an offshore platform operated by PTT Exploration & Production. The plant produces 246,000 t/y of liquefied propane gas (LPG) and 43,000 t/y of natural gasoline (NGL). The LPG is supplied to homes throughout southern Thailand and to a local power station, which generates electricity for the entire region.
This plant has operated since 1997 with a CENTUM CS production control system (PCS) that was installed by Yokogawa Thailand. It has proven to be highly reliable, operating continuously without any major problems for this entire period.
The Challenges and the Solutions
The customer was seeking to improve safety and have operations run more smoothly not only during plant shutdown/start-up but also during normal operations. Yokogawa Thailand demonstrated that Exapilot was easy to configure and use, and showed how it could be used to fully automate and speed up the start-up and shutdown procedures. This reduced the operator workload around 40% and protected pumps by eliminating unnecessary speed increases that cause them to heat up.
The customer confirmed Exapilot's capabilities in the above application and gradually extended its use to the following applications over a one year period:
1. Oil heater combustion control
Exapilot improves control of a non-linear air damper to optimize the fuel air ratio, based on O2 measurements performed by a Yokogawa zirconium type oxygen analyzer. This reduces the consumption of fuel gas by two oil heaters, and each year saves the company $30,000 in fuel costs and reduces CO2 emissions by 210 tons.
2. Cooling fan control
Previously, eleven cooling fans ran non-stop. Based on ambient temperature readings, Exapilot is able to reduce electricity bills by switching the fans on and off.
3. Feed gas and bypass gas flow control
Exasmoc APC software is normally used to control the feed flow in response to changes in the power plant load. To accelerate response times, feed and bypass gas flow control is now also performed by Exapilot. By switching between these programs, it has been possible to reduce propane costs by $450,000 per year.
4. CO2 composition monitoring
The power plant uses gas from an offshore platform that is approximately 22.5% CO2. If this rises above 25%, plant efficiency goes down. Exapilot maintains CO2 within agreed levels, keeping the power plant customer happy and increasing LPG yield by $450,000 per year.
5. Ship loading
Exapilot controls the venting of the loading pumps and controls product flow during LPG/NGL ship loading, reducing electricity consumption and preventing LPG product loss.
Kanit Pattarakup, process control and DCS board man at PTT Khanom Gas Separation Plant #4, said, "We are very much happy with Yokogawa's CENTUM CS, Exaquantum, Exasmoc, and Exapilot. Exapilot is really easy to use and has improved production very much, and it has been applied to three main procedures ( start up, shut down, normal operation : 24 sub procedures ) to achieve real production excellence. We have confirmed the high reliability and solid functionality of Exapilot in various applications. This is a real solution package and a good tool for the plan-do-check-act (PDCA) cycle to achieve operational excellence in the plant."
"This year we successfully replaced the existing CENTUM CS with the Yokogawa's most current CENTUM VP. We are always challenging to be a VigilantPlant"
Yokogawa has a wealth of experience in every part of the oil and gas business, from offshore and onshore facilities to pipelines, terminals, and deepwater operations. We provide solutions that enhance safety, ensure accurate and reliable operation, and increase plant efficiency.
The upstream industry includes offshore and onshore activities including wellhead automation, fractionation, completion, and separation to recover and prepare underground or underwater crude oil and natural gas.
As petroleum is brought to the surface, it must be separated prior to transport. Primary and secondary separation stages commonly distribute gas flow, water flow, and oil flow in three phase separation. Gas movement requires pipeline and can include a fractionation process in the upstream stage prior to movement. Liquids can be placed into a tanks or pipelines and sent for processing, requiring accurate level measurements.
Procedural Automation (Exapilot) provides a flexible methodology to capture, optimize and retain procedural knowledge in a process plant while meeting requirements in reliability, flexibility, and lifecycle costs.
Our distributed control system (DCS) enables automation and control of industrial processes and enhanced business performance. Over 10,000 plants entrust Yokogawa DCS to deliver their production goals.