The GC8000 is a process analyzer that uses gas chromatography to measure the composition of multiple components in a stream. Engineered with reliable electronics and intelligently designed columns and valves, the GC8000 improves ease of maintenance while reducing operating costs. Its intuitive touchscreen HMI with system diagnostics reduces operation and maintenance headaches, maximizing measurement accuracy, reliability, and uptime.
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GCMs are virtual GCs within one analyzer, eliminating the need for multiple GCs. The GC8000 has a control module for each GCM, each with its own system clock. These modules then process information to a single HMI, where it is easily available.
The menu system on the GC8000 is easy to navigate while offering all of the analysis and diagnostics tools needed. It has a built-in 12-inch color touch screen display that simplifies maintenance and operation, allowing technicians to easily access analytical parameters and measurement results such as trend displays of KPIs and gate and valve times. Chromatograms are also easily called up to compare analysis performance against stored chromatograms or a reference calibration chromatogram. The GC8000 also includes Yokogawa’s ASET (Analyzing Server Engineering Terminal) software, which allows technicians to access most of the HMI’s features remotely from a PC.
- The software watches analyzer parameters and notifies the user if maintenance is required.
- Reliable electronics reduce the need to replace the power supply or control cards while offering modularity to expand or exchange the analyzer’s I/O capabilities.
- The Smart Oven design makes components easy to access and replace.
- Gas injection valves are designed to perform around one million operations, extending time between replacements.
- High sensitivity TCD (thermal conductivity) allows a TCD to measure in places that FIDs and FPDs would normally be used, reducing total analyzer and MRO costs.
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|Measurable object||Gas or volatile liquid (400°C or lower boiling point)|
|Analysis method||Gas chromatography|
Depends on analysis conditions
|Number of components to be measured||Maximum of 999 (total number of components in all streams including calibration standard sample streams)|
|Analysis period||Maximum of 21600.0 seconds (six hours)|
|Number of streams to be measured||Maximum of 31 (including standard sample streams)|
|Material of sample-contact parts||RV: 316SS, Hastelloy-C, Rulon, PTFE (Teflon, Bearee)
LSV: 316SS, Hastelloy-C, Rulon, Glass, PTFE (Teflon, Bearee), Fluororubber (Viton), perfloroelastomer (Kalrez)
|Repeatability||Depends on analysis conditions
Gas sample: ±1% of full scale for measuring ranges (2σ)
Liquid sample: ±2% of full scale for measuring ranges (2σ)
* The value may vary depending on the specifications and conditions. For details, contact Yokogawa.
|Type of protection||Pressurized enclosure and flameproof enclosure|
Type X Pressurization and Explosion proof for Class I, Division 1, Groups B, C and D. T1 to T4
Type X and Y Pressurization for Class I, Division 1, Groups B, C and D. T1 to T4
ATEX: II2G Ex d px IIB+H2 T1...T4 Gb
IECEx: Ex d px IIB+H2 T1...T4 Gb
TIIS: Ex pd IIB+H2 T1 to T4
|Protection degree of enclosure||NEMA3R, Equivalent to IP54 (dust and water resistant structure)|
|Operating ambient conditions||-10 to 50°C, 95% RH or less (no condensation)|
|Weight||Wall-mounting version||Self-standing version|
|Type 1||approx. 100 kg||approx. 140 kg|
|Type 2||approx. 155 kg||approx. 190 kg|
|Type 3||approx. 200 kg||approx. 220 kg|
|Volume||Large isothermal oven: Approximately 45 L
Standard isothermal oven: Approximately 31 L
|Setting temperature range||55 to 225°C
(Temperature can be set in one-degree step.)
|Temperature control accuracy||± 0.03°C|
|Temperature control||PID control|
|Analog Input/Output||Maximum of 16/Maximum of 32|
|Contact Input/Output||Maximum of 32/Maximum of 20|
|PC communication||Ethernet communication
Protocol: TCP/IP, FTP, Modbus TCP/IP
Protocol: MODBUS, Y-Protocol
|Power supply||100/110/115/120/200/220/230/240 VAC ±10%, 50/60 Hz ±5%|
|Maximum rated power||Type 1: 0.8 to 1.6 kVA
Type 2: 1.4 to 2.9 kVA
Type 3: 2.0 to 4.3 kVA
|Instrument air||Pressure: 350 to 900kPa (50.8 to 130.5 psi)
Type 1: 100 to 140 L/min
Type 1 with FPD: 130 to 200 L/min
Type 2: 150 to 210 L/min
Type 2 with FPD: 180 to 270 L/min
Type 3: 200 to 280 L/min
|Carrier gas||Types: H2, N2, He, or Ar
Measuring range from 0 to 50 ppm or more: 99.99% minimum (water: 10 ppm or less, organic components: 5 ppm or less)
Measuring range from 0 to less than 50 ppm: 99.999% minimum (water: 5 ppm or less, organic components: 0.1 ppm or less)
H2: 500 kPa (72.5 psi) (Supplied with extra-regulator for explosion-proof certification)
Other than H2: 400 to 700 kPa (58.0 to 101.5 psi)
Consumption: 60 to 300 mL/min per isothermal oven
The GC Module (GCM) is a concept where all the parameters and functions of a specific GC application are gathered under one section. For analyzers tackling more than one GC application, this allows everything to be segregated into individual virtual GCs for much easier understanding and maintenance. No longer will the technician need to wonder which valve or peak setting applies to which portion of the GC's application. And navigating between the GCMs is as simple as touching the GCM tabs on the screen.
One example of how the GCM design can help is with Parallel Chromatography. Parallel Chromatography is a powerful tool for process GCs that can often reduce analysis cycle times and hardware complexity. But until the GC8000, the implementation of parallel chromatography was cumbersome and difficult as the software for the different parallel chromatography segments were not segregated from one another. This complexity limited the ability of parallel chromatography to be utilized to its full potential. The GC8000 avoids this confusion and complexity by using individual SYS configurations (system clocks) for each individual mini-applications (often called applets).
Flexible and Secure Network Design
The communications network of the GC8000 is based on the industry-standard Ethernet structure to provide flexible yet secure transmission of data to GC maintenance workstations and the plant DCS system. The GC8000 can be set up for either a single Ethernet network or a redundant network with two completely isolated Ethernet networks if desired.
Built-in native Modbus TCP/IP protocol support for network communications eliminates the need for communication gateways to DCS in many situations. Not only does this simplify the network architecture, but it also removes a potential point of failure in delivering analytical data to the DCS. For communication systems that still require serial Modbus gateways, the GC8000's ASGW is available.
The GC network can even be expanded to include the Advanced Analytical Instrument Maintenance Software (AAIMS) that provides real-time asset maintenance management functions for a wide range of on-line process analyzers such as pH and O2 as well as GCs and FT-NIRs. AAIMS improves the process analysis efficiency by accurately assessing and displaying the KPIs of each analyzer through real-time data acquisition combined with statistical quality control (SQC) analysis. It also provides a common graphical interface for all the plant's analyzers for validation checks and alarm reporting.
Applications in Industries
|Petrochemicals||ethylene, polypropylene, polyethylene, BTX, butadiene, vinyl chloride, styrene, alcohol, aldehyde, ester, and vinyl acetate|
|Petroleum refining||distillation point analysis, PINA/PIONA analysis, FCC, sulfur recovery|
|Chemistry||chlorides, fluorine compounds, formalin, methanol, urea, ammonia, phenol|
|Electric power/gas||fuel gas, exhaust gases, coal gasification/ liquefaction, fuel cell|
|Natural gas||transmission, distribution, gathering, processing|
|Iron and steel||blast furnace, coke oven|
|Air plant||organic/inorganic gas analyses|
|Chemicals||chemicals, agricultural chemicals|
|Environmental area monitoring||air/soil pollution monitoring, plant/work environmental analyses, analyses (VOC)|
Modern society has evolved around the automobile as a source of cheap effective transportation. As the popularity of the automobile grew, so did the demand for the gasoline that powered the car. Supplying this gasoline has grown into one of the largest industries in the world from the efforts to find crude oil to the refining, marketing, and distribution of the finished gasoline.
The modern refinery, at first glance, appears to be a very complex mixture of pipes, vessels, and reactors, but when you break it down into its various units, the refinery is really quite straight forward. The basic intent of a refinery is to take crude oil and separate out the small amount of gasoline that is naturally found in the crude oil. Then the refinery takes the chemicals in the leftover crude oil and reacts them to convert them into gasoline. For example, one of the chemicals found in gasoline is octane. Octane can be made by taking two C4 molecules and reacting them together; which is the purpose of the alkylation unit in a refinery. Other units take the molecules that are too big to be used for gasoline and break them apart by either catalytic cracking or thermal decomposition in a coker.
With all these chemical reactions occurring simultaneously, it is easy to appreciate the importance of on-line chemical monitoring and control. This explains why the refineries were one of the first industries to utilize the process gas chromatograph on a large scale.
The Natural Gas Processing Industry is responsible for delivering the billions of cubic feet of natural gas that is used every day. This is done in four stages:
- Gas Gathering
- Gas Processing
- Gas Transmission
- Gas Distribution
Below is a simplified drawing illustrating the four steps:
The first stage is Gas Gathering where the natural gas wells are drilled, the gas is extracted and collected to be processed. The next stage is the Gas Processing where the raw field gas is processed at Gas Plants to remove the heavy hydrocarbons and return a high methane “pipeline” quality natural gas. The heavy hydrocarbons that were stripped out of the raw field gas are further processed at a Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) Plant to separate this mixture into pure hydrocarbon products for sale to chemical plants.
The “pipeline” quality natural gas now enters the third stage where the Gas Transmission companies transport it the hundreds or even thousands of miles to where it’s needed by the consumer. The final stage is where the Gas Distribution companies buy the gas from the transmission companies and then they distribute the gas to each consumer whether it’s a residential home or a large power plant.
At each stage, the ownership of the gas may change and so one of the most common applications for a process gas chromatograph is to monitor the quality of the gas for BTU content and composition. For example, the gas processing plants take the raw field gas from the pipeline which has high BTU content due to the high concentration of heavy hydrocarbons. The heavy hydrocarbons are removed and then the processed gas is returned to the pipeline at a lower BTU value. They pay the pipeline company based on the volume of gas and the BTU “shrinkage” between the inlet to the plant and the outlet.
The gas processing industry has very different requirements than most process gas chromatograph users. While the analytical aspect of the applications is quite easy, the environmental requirements are very demanding. Quite often, the analyzer may be miles from the nearest technician monitoring the natural gas in the pipeline. Therefore, low utility consumption, reliability, and simplicity of design become the most important considerations. It is also necessary for the analyzer to be able to communicate over a remote communication system since the analyzers are literally scattered across the countryside.
The Petrochemical Industry manufactures the chemicals found in many consumer products used every day; plastics, cleaners, fertilizers, insecticides, etc. It’s a very diverse industry that takes many of the petroleum-based chemicals and converts them into more useable forms. One of the largest segments in this industry is responsible for the production of the various plastics and resins used by today’s society.
Plastics and resins are made by polymerizing a compound to form long chains of molecules. For example, polyethylene plastic is made by catalytically reacting many ethylene molecules together to form long polymers made up of thousands of ethylene molecules.
These polymers often resemble white flakes or powder and are then extruded at high heat to form small pellets of plastic. Quite often, a pigment is added during extrusion in order to give the plastic a different color. These pellets are then sold to various companies that mold the plastic into different industrial and consumer items.
The process gas chromatographs used in the Petrochemical industry are often required to analyze many compounds that are difficult to detect, corrosive, or toxic. The design of the analyzer routinely uses sensitive detectors, sophisticated column techniques, special hardware, and exotic materials of construction. The benefits of the analyzer need to be carefully weighed against the equipment costs and long-term maintenance costs.
The Environmental Monitoring market for process gas chromatographs has grown out of the desire by various industries to provide a safer workplace for the employees and to minimize their impact on the local environment. Many chemical processes require the use of chemicals that need to be monitored in case of an accident or leakage. It is also frequently necessary to monitor the incineration of hazardous materials to ensure complete and safe destruction.
The guidelines for establishing limits on hazardous compounds can come from a variety of sources such as the EPA, OSHA, Industrial Agencies, or Corporate Safety Departments. Once a hazardous compound is identified, a monitoring program needs to be established to ensure the levels are kept within safe limits. For the majority of applications, only occasional checks need to be made such as monitoring for certain pollutants in wastewater. But some applications require continual automatic monitoring of the air, water, or chemical process.
A process gas chromatograph is well suited for many of these types of applications because it has the ability to monitor 10, 20, or even 30 different plant locations from a single instrument. A process gas chromatograph can also use various detectors that give it the sensitivity to measure at very low concentrations since it sometimes becomes necessary to monitor down to the parts per billion level.
A typical installation would require an analyzer to monitor multiple sampling points and if the concentration of the hazardous compound is found to exceed safe limits, the analyzer would trigger an alarm system. The analyzer is also frequently tied into a data acquisition system (DAS) to store the data for later verification and to generate the reports often mandated by the governing regulations.
It is desirable for the analyzer to be as reliable as possible since an analyzer that is frequently down for maintenance can allow a plant to enter an unsafe situation without being aware of it. The analyzer must also be easy to work with since many users may not have had prior experience with process gas chromatographs.
The Environmental monitoring market puts unique demands on the process gas chromatograph. Good sensitivity, multiple sampling points, and data logging are necessary for a complete system to function properly.
GC8000 was selected to detect components responsible for stainless steel corrosion of pipeline.
GC8000 with custom container analyzes crude oil components every 4 mins at an offshore platform.
To technology in iron & steel industry is continuously improved to obtain the best possible performance. The improved plant performance gives rise to the higher quality improvement and lower cost, and simultaneously environmental friendly plant operation.
Environmental pollution caused by volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has become a global environment issue, including issues on effects upon health. This paper introduces a system based on detection and sampling technologies and developed for measuring goes in the global environment. Small amounts of VOCs are measured with a gas chromatograph or photoionization detector (PID). VOCs in water are sampled using a sparging method. A small quantity of VOC constituents of more than 20 different types can be measured with a gas chromatograph using a programmed temperature oven. The PID can detect a ppb level of VOCs that are ionized using a vacuum ultraviolet radiation lamp. We expect these devices will be useful for improving the global Environment.
In recent years, shale gas extraction technology has made rapid progress, inducing a shale gas revolution mainly in the USA. Thus, the need for analysis of hydrocarbon gases, including natural gas, is expected to grow rapidly. Traditionally gas chromatography has been used for the analysis of hydrocarbon gases; it can accurately measure the concentration of each hydrocarbon component in a sample of natural gas.
Control Engineering Asia, May 2012
An exception level of engineering expertise tailored for the local market is one of the primary reasons why Yokogawa has managed to capture and keep the process automation top spot in the Land of Smiles, says Somkid Teraboonchaikul, managing director, Yokogawa Thailand.
Marcus Trygstad, Yokogawa Corporation of America, outlines the advantages of EUVF technology for total reduced sulfur measurement in flare gas.
Loek van Eijck, Yokogawa, The Netherlands, questions whether rapid analysis of gases and liquids can be better achieved through use of a gas chromatograph or near infrared analyser. Conventionally, the liquid and gas components such as those broken down by naphtha crackers have been measured by a process gas chromatograph (PGC), with the subsequent measurement values then being used for control purposes.
The EPA rule, 40 CFR 63 Subparts CC and UUU, is forcing refineries to monitor flares. Fortunately, modern analyzer technology makes it possible to meet the requirements, generate the necessary reports, and stay in compliance.
Here’s how to select the right analyzer to meet these demands.
Sample systems are a crucial component of and have a significant impact on the performance of a process gas chromatograph analyzer. When working on sample systems, you must have a constant awareness of time delays. This fundamentals webinar will take the mystery out of lag times.
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