Chilled Water in Air Conditioning Unit

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This paper introduces the ADMAG AXR 2-wire magnetic flomwmeter solution for chilled water application in air conditioning unit.


  • Cost reduction of supporting infrastructure by US$1,000 to $2,000 per unit.
  • Lifetime energy savings.
  • 4-wire comparable stable and accurate process control to maximize the productivity.


  • The utility process measurement is general application in all industry.
  • The process temperature and flow volume of the chilled water varies as a result of the air conditioning system. The measurement stability under the fluid condition change is very important factor for the optimization of the air conditioning control, and energy saving.
  • Traditionally, 4-wire magnetic flowmeter is applied for the chilled water measurement to respond the process condition change accurately.


2-wire Magnetic Flowmeter, ADMAG AXR


Best-in-class performance.
The ADMAG AXR is the world's first 2-wire magnetic flowmeter which employs the unique "Dual Frequency Excitation Method," achieving 0.5% of rate of best-in-class accuracy and excellent stability for process measurement. In addition, the AXR key technologies," achieves the same level of noise immunity as 4-wire type under the fluid condition change and delivers enough performance to meet the requirement to apply in the control loop.

Dual Frequency Method
The dual frequency method successfully combines the best properties of low frequency excitation enabling the stability in measurement, and high frequency excitation delivering excellent noise immunity. As a result, AXR can suppress process-generated noise securing zero stability without sacrificing fast response time.

AXR Key Technologies
AXR Key Technologies

(1) Super-high density coil
Yokogawa has developed a perfectly aligned "super high density" coil winding technique to maximize the S/N ratio. This new technology increased the number of coil turns by 1.5 times compared to 4-wire magemeters, and successfully increase the signal portion of S/N ratio.

(2) Mirror finished lining
Rough lining surface is likely to generate turbulent flow near electrodes, which results in larger flow noise. AXR employs a mirror finished lining to ensure a smooth surface. It minimizes flow noise by reducing the flow turbulence.

Field test result;

Application; Chilled water in air conditioning unit Flow span; 55m3/h (3.0 m/s)
Normal flow velocity; 30m3/h (1.7 m/s)
Damping; 5 sec.
Test Model; AXR080G

Chilled water measurement in air conditioning unit (80mm) IMG Chilled water measurement in air conditioning unit (80mm)
Chilled water measurement in air conditioning unit (80mm)

AXR 2 wire type and AXF 4-wire type are serially installed in a chilled water line and the fluid temperature 15 to 20 deg.C. The piping is insulated with the insulating jacket. The flow span is 55m3/h, and normal flow velocity is 30m3/h. The flow velocity becomes 45m3/h once per an hour. AXR accurately follow the flow change and delivers the stable measurement equivalent to AXF 4-wire magmeter.

Reduced TCO & ECO Friendly

The ADMAG AXR 2-wire magnetic flowmeter can be installed in the 2-wire system without any AC power source, thus drastically reducing the initial instrumentation cost, and power consumption. The power consumption of 2-wire type is only 1-4% of that of 4-wire type, and contributes to the operation cost reduction. In addition, over 96% reduced power consumption contribute to the life time energy saving and reduce the carbon foot print.

4-wire, 2-wire Magnetic Flowmeter

Estimated cost reduction;
Initial Cost compared to 4-wire (cable length 100m)
   US $1000 - $2000 /unit cost saving
Cable: $2 -$3/m
Conduit pipe: $5 -10/m (including construction cost) Power supply unit: $300


CO2 reduction;
73kg CO2 excretion can be reduced to 1.4kg /year


Related Products & Solutions


The ADMAG AXR is the world's first two-wire magnetic flow meter which employs the fluid noise free "Dual Frequency Excitation Method," achieving excellent stability for instrumentation.


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