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LNG Supply Chain

Yokogawa’s commitment to innovation in LNG projects worldwide dates back to the 1970s. With its extensive experience and comprehensive portfolio of solutions, Yokogawa has what it takes to achieve operational excellence in the LNG supply chain.

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LNG Liquefaction

36% of liquefaction plants use Yokogawa's DCS.
39% of liquefaction plants employ Yokogawa's APC solutions.

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LNG Carrier

66 carriers use Yokogawa's DCS. Yokogawa’s industrial experience provides unique solutions to meet the needs of the marine industry. For several decades, Yokogawa has been delivering IAS to a number of LNG carriers worldwide. Long-term partnership with Yokogawa provides the highest total value of ownership with full lifecycle support.

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LNG Regasification & Storage

44 regasification terminals use Yokogawa's DCS.

Integrating new and proven technologies and improving HSE performance

Customer Challenge

With over 45 years of LNG project experience, Yokogawa has significant engineering expertise. We know how to replace control systems without interrupting city gas production, and can ensure a seamless migration path and supply a full range of implementation services.

The scope of investment has expanded beyond conventional megaprojects to include small-scale projects and offshore facilities. For such undertakings, new and proven technologies must be integrated and improvements must be attained in health, safety, and environment (HSE) performance.

Our Solutions

With its in-depth expertise in the LNG supply chain, Yokogawa can propose and implement new solutions for a wider range of HSE issues. Yokogawa has solutions that enable gapless LNG leak detection monitoring and the monitoring and detection of intrusions at an early stage. Yokogawa can also assist with the integration of proven onshore technologies on floating storage and regasification units (FSRUs), floating LNG (FLNG) facilities, and LNG vessels.

Enabling Technology

Distributed Temperature Sensor: DTS
Yokogawa DTSX3000 and DTSX200 enable gapless LNG leak detection monitoring.

 

Responding quickly and accurately to shifts in demand

Customer Challenge

With over 45 years of LNG project experience, Yokogawa has significant engineering expertise. We know how to replace control systems without interrupting city gas production, and can ensure a seamless migration path and supply a full range of implementation services.

The main challenge in the LNG supply chain is responding quickly and accurately to shifts in demand. This is required both by regulations and contractual commitments to customers. Before any LNG facility enters commercial operation, it is important to identify essential plant KPIs and establish standardized procedures for manual intervention.

Our Solutions

Loading, unloading, cool-down, refrigerant cycle (RC) makeup, and other non-routine operations can all have a major impact on the stability of an LNG facility. Yokogawa solutions based on our long experience in the LNG field can help you smoothly execute these major operations. Exapilot, an intuitive and easy to use navigation tool, provides operators with the cues they need to smoothly execute non-routine operations. Yokogawa’s Exaquantum plant information management system can acquire process data from a Distributed Control System (DCS), transform it to essential KPIs and execute automated instantaneous reporting on KPIs to DCS as necessary.

Enabling Technology

Production Control System: CENTUM VP
The single integrated control and safety system (ICSS) database simplifies engineering. With graphics, alarm windows, and system status screens all having the same look and feel, operation is also easier.


Safety Instrumented System: ProSafe-RS
High availability of the Safety Integrity Level 1-4 (SIL1-4) certified ProSafe Safety Instrumented System enables truly integrated solutions.


Operation Efficiency Improvement: Exapilot
Exapilot is an online navigation tool that guides operators step by step through plant operating procedures.


Plant Information Management System: Exaquantum
Production management solutions provide real-time visibility of the performance of all assets to facilitate intelligent decision-making.

 

Dealing with variations in gas composition

Customer Challenge

With over 45 years of LNG project experience, Yokogawa has significant engineering expertise. We know how to replace control systems without interrupting city gas production, and can ensure a seamless migration path and supply a full range of implementation services.

Gas from different fields often varies in composition, and this variance is expected to increase over the next few decades. Consequently, receiving terminals will need to apply best practices and the impact of such variation will have to be dealt with throughout the plant lifecycle. 

Our Solutions

Yokogawa’s Advanced Process Control (APC) solutions play an indispensable role in the liquefaction and regasification processes. In the liquefaction process, our APC solutions optimize the interaction between the heat exchanger (HE) and the refrigerant cycle (RC) for efficient heat-stress-free operation. In regasification, Yokogawa's APC solutions allow optimal allocation and nomination based on the Wobbe index value and the boil-off gas (BOG) volume and required time, thereby preventing the production of off-specification gas. In addition, full emulation by an Integrated Control and Safety System (ICSS) and high-fidelity process simulation (Operator Training System: OTS) are necessary not only to measure the effect of changing operation, but also to contribute to HSE overall evaluation.

Enabling Technology

Operator Training System: OTS
OmegaLand provides a virtual plant simulation environment for training operators of integrated DCSs and safety systems.

OmegaLand is the product of Omega Simulation Co., Ltd., one of Yokogawa's subsidiaries.


APC products: Exasmoc, Exarqe, Exacoast
Yokogawa can optimize interactive influences between HE and RC, and achieve efficient heat-stress-free operation.

 

Production Control System: CENTUM VP

The single Integrated Control and Safety System (ICSS) database simplifies engineering. With graphics, alarm windows, and system status screens all having the same look and feel, operation is also easier.

Safety Instrumented System: ProSafe-RS

High availability of the ProSafe safety management system enables truly integrated solutions with Safety Integrity Level 1-4 (SIL1-4) certification. Regarding connectivity with upstream processes including wellheads and pipelines, we have achieved connectivity between ProSafe-RS, STARDOM, and the FAST/TOOLS SCADA system over a single network that is based on the Vnet/IP real-time control bus and dedicated to upstream processes. As a result, FAST/TOOLS can now monitor both the STARDOM and ProSafe-RS systems in an integrated manner.

Field Instruments

“Install and Forget” digital field instruments deliver stable and accurate process measurement with low-cost installation, near zero maintenance and intelligent self-diagnostics. As a true leader in fieldbus technology, Yokogawa brought the world’s first FOUNDATION Fieldbus™ enabled device to market and has since developed a complete range of FOUNDATION Fieldbus™ instrumentation.

Analyzers

Highly responsive analytical systems ensure tight quality control by enhancing the accuracy of British Thermal Unit (BTU) measurement and optimizing boiler combustion.

Flow Computer

STARDOM performs American Gas Association (AGA)-compliant calculation of standard gas volume.

Operator Training System

OmegaLand provides a virtual plant simulation environment for training operators of integrated distributed control systems (DCSs) and safety systems.

Production Management

Production management solutions provide real-time visibility of the performance of all assets to facilitate intelligent decision-making.

Advanced Process Control

Advanced Process Control (APC) can increase liquefaction plant throughput by 0.5–2% and reduce energy costs by 1–3%.

Plant Asset Management: PRM

Plant Resource Manager (PRM) makes predictive maintenance easy. Early detection of system and device malfunctions helps prevent catastrophic failures.

 

Overview:
  • World's largest LNG terminal relies on CENTUM to maximize safety and reliability.
  • It is very important for KOGAS to be able to adjust flexibly to shifts in demand in the gas that it supplies to power plants, industrial companies, and residences.
Overview:
  • DCS, SIS, PRM with FOUNDATION fieldbus and OTS Installed in Thailand First LNG Terminal.
  • Alarms are issued before any device fails completely, enabling predictive maintenance that reduces maintenance costs throughout the facility lifecycle.
Overview:
  • Yokogawa provides CENTUM CS 3000 and ProSafe-RS for the largest LNG terminal in Europe.
  • Yokogawa's OmegaLand plant operator training simulator (OTS) helps to reduce costs, optimize LNG terminal processes.
Overview:
  • OTS for familialization of liquefaction processes and operator training.
  • Yokogawa's integrated solutions contribute to safe and steady production at gas liquefaction plant in Norway.
Industries:
Overview:
  • World's first offshore regasification terminal relies on Yokogawa ICSS (CENTUM CS 3000, ProSafe-RS).
  • LNG carrier scheduling, unloading, tank storage, and vaporizing are all procedure based operations.
Overview:
  • CENTUM CS 3000 ensures safe and reliable operation of one of the world's most advanced LNG carriers.
  • Yokogawa successfully installed a CENTUM CS 3000 integrated control automation system(ICAS).
Industries:
Overview:
  • MISC could be ensured of better information visibility, performance foresight, and operational agility.
  • Yokogawa CS 3000 system has proven in both the Tenaga and the Seri Class LNG carriers that their hardware is very reliable with very less problem.
Industries:
Overview:
  • Legacy ProSafe-PLC SIS replaced with ProSafe-RS to improve sustainable lifecycle support at LNG terminal.
  • The seamless use of the same HMI for both PCS and SIS, and improved safety and integrity.
Overview:
  • Scalable, flexible configuration with functions distributed to multiple controllers on a facility basis
  • Redundant architecture optimally designed for requirements of entire plant
  • General-purpose communications network used for control bus
  • Integrated operation environment through web-based human-machine interface (HMI)
Overview:
  • Eight LNG trains integrated into a single control system
  • Increased steam production and boiler response with improved production downtime
Industries:
Overview:
  • A phased upgrade approach from CENTUM CS to CENTUM VP was planned to meet tight LNG carriers schedules.
  • The collaboration using CENTUM VP and APC provides optimization of gas liquefaction operation.
Industries:
Overview:
  • Operator training system for the critical LNG processes had been built to reduce human errors and achieve operational excellence.
  • The high fidelity modeling of LNG liquefaction process closely matches the behavior and operational environment of the actual plant.
Industries:
Overview:
  • Hibiki LNG Terminal is supplying natural gas to a broad area of northern Kyushu.
  • CENTUM VP and FA-M3V provide a centralized monitoring environment and contribute to safe and stable operation.
Overview:

An automatic custody transfer system for unmanned LNG gas stations that embeds PC oriented functions such as e-mail, FTP, and the Java runtime environment in a robust hybrid controller.

Overview:

Risk management is crucial when expanding your business.

Overview:

In the event of a gas line shut down, gas supply must be maintained for a period of time with the use of LNG stored in road tankers. Each tanker must have its pressure monitored to prevent an over pressure situation arising.

Overview:

Recently, several ARC Advisory Group analysts and management team members had a chance to sit down with the new Yokogawa President and COO, Mr. Takashi Nishijima, and several other top Yokogawa executives to discuss the company's burgeoning presence in the worldwide upstream and midstream oil & gas industry.

Overview:

Over the past decade, companies have been using unconventional drilling technology to extract gas and liquid from the readily available shale formations in North America. As the industry gains experience, the production rates continue to rise based on better use of technology to locate resources and to decrease the time from exploration to production.

Overview:

As LNG moves from a niche to a major area of the oil and gas industry, experienced suppliers are required to deliver the technologies that support it. 

Overview:

Only 5% of data is transferred into meaningful information so, asks Frank Horden, Business Development Manager, Yokogawa Global SCADA Center, USA, how to ensure pipeline management data is translated into valuable knowledge?

Overview:

July 2010

Martin te Lintelo, Yokogawa Europe B.V., The Netherlands, discusses high level control system design for LNG receiving terminals. As demand for LNG increases worldwide, players face seemingly conflicting challenges. On one hand, they must expand capacity in different regions, make the business and production as agile and adaptive as possible, and improve operational efficiency.

Overview:

The LNG sector presents challenges for the automation supplier, particularly in the implementation of automation systems for regasification terminals. Yokogawa Europe's business development manager, upstream oil and gas Martin te Lintelo looks at the handling of the potential automation-related problem areas and opportunities.

Media Publication
Overview:

Platt Beltz and Greg Hallauer, Yokogawa, USA, discuss how simulation can improve operator training in LNG operations.

Overview:

LNG Industry, Summer 2012

Martin te Lintelo, Yokogawa, The Netherlands, discusses the need for better automation, measurement and control instruments to cope with the rising popularity of LNG.

Industries:

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