上游

上游業包含海上和陸上活動,包括井口自動化,分餾,完井和分離,回收和製備地下或水下原油和天然氣。

當石油被帶到地表時,在運輸之前必須將其分離。在三相分離中,一級和二級分離階段通常分佈有氣體流量,水流量和油流量,氣體的輸送需要管道,並且在輸送之前的上游階段需要進行分餾。液體需要通過罐和管道輸送並處理,這就需要精確的液位測量。

客戶面臨的挑戰

石油和天然氣井正在分佈到更廣泛的領域,鑽探將達到更深的深度,因此需要採用越來越複雜的技術。成本按比例上升。為了幫助控制成本,重要的是防止可能導致的意外停俥的設備故障。

我們的解決方案

計劃外停俥破壞了生產計劃,導致利益受損。橫河的產品具有高可用性,可防止油氣田的非計劃停俥,節省客戶的資金,增加過程的安全性。

橫河的分佈式控制系統(DCS)CENTUM系列的核心是一個獨特的“成對備用”的控制器結構,由一組冗餘的CPU模塊組成,每個模塊都配備雙微處理器。如果檢測 到任何不匹配,這兩個處理器連續比較它們的輸出並啟動無凸點切換。通過這種方式,CENTUM系列系統達到99.99999%(7個9)的可用性。其他橫河產品,如STARDOM RTU遵循類似的設計理念,利用在高端PC中發現的相同的錯誤檢查和糾正(ECC)內存,並具有正常內存容量的兩倍,便於長期存儲氣體體積數據等現場訊息。這有助於減少停俥時間,提高系統可靠性,並無需前往偏遠井位從而提高維護效率。

技術實現

CENTUM VP

CENTUM系列現場控制站(FCSS)的所有硬體和軟體都是橫河開發的。基於我們對這些系統內部和外部的了解,可以幫助客戶保持99.99999%的可用性。。

 

STARDOM

FCN-RTU具有如同256 MHz 32位RISC處理器的特性,是經過現場驗證的FCN / FCJ體系結構的進化。同時提供高性能和低功耗。該低成本模型具有四個串行I / O端口和一個乙太網端口,進而滿足SCADA應用的最低要求。

 

客戶面臨的挑戰

石油和天然氣公司正在努力保持競爭力並努力增加收益。實現這一目標的一種方法是通過應用現場數字技術來增強性能。

我們的解決方案

橫河的高精度和高穩定性的現場數字技術透過減少非計劃停俥時間和免除到現場檢查的需求,給石油天然氣公司帶來了競爭優勢。橫河提供了一條向先進技術遷移的道路。

技術實現

現場數字

橫河在1998年發布了第一批FOUNDATION fieldbus兼容產品後,開始積極發展現場數位技術。作為FOUNDATION fieldbus國際標準定義的主要倡導者,橫河透過減少現場佈線的需要,引入智能現場設備,並改善數字現場設備的管理和診斷,在優化操作中發揮著重要的作用。

 

現場無線

橫河無線技術花費了大量的時間和精力來增加測量點。傳送器可以方便地安裝在佈線困難的物理位定或需要耗費成本的地方。通過無線網路連接傳感器極大提高了監測效率,同時優化 了解功耗和通訊,進而最大限度提高了測量可用性。在廣域網路上整合無線測量有助於將現場訊息傳輸到控制室。在控制室可以通過橫河的FAST / TOOLS SCADA系統實現可視化管理。

技術升級

在油氣田作業中引入數位技術有助於優化生產,提高運轉安全性和保護環境。還有一個優勢是這些數位技術的部署非常便利。橫河的STARDOM RTU和混合PLC可以同時控制模擬傳感器和數字傳感器 ,不再需要安裝網關或使用Modbus,FOUNDATION fieldbus™,HART,DNP3或DeviceNet建立專用網或其他類型的現場網。因此,可以實現對數字現場網的逐步升級。

客戶面臨的挑戰

載人和無人井口通常分布在一個廣闊的區域,並由許多類型的通訊基礎設施連接。整合這些複雜的操作是提高效率的關鍵因素。

我們的解決方案

統一實時監控

橫河提供一個集成的人機界面(HMI),實現統一監控和報警處理。這使系統更容易操作,減少了操作員的錯誤,提高了安全性,並節省了培訓時間和費用。橫河統一網關站(UGS)支持與橫河智能RTUSTARDOM)和使用ModbusTCP/RTU)、OPC、以太網/IP等技術的本地網絡連接,無人和載人井口都易於集成。由於來自不同網絡的圖形都跟CENTUM VP具有相同的外觀和感覺,操作員隻需要學習如何使用CENTUM VP HMI,就可以輕鬆地操作整個系統及處理報警。UGS還適用於所有類型的通訊,如SAMDOMModbusEthernet/IP的單冗餘和雙冗餘通訊網絡。隻需要簡單的編程就可以構建具有額外UGS的高度可靠的系統。

使能技術

UGS具有統一操作和監視環境的特點。

  • 不同控制器之間的無縫製程操作和監測(製程數據和警報)及系統監控。
  • 廣泛的操作和監控範圍。
  • 提高工程效率。

系統配定示例

UGS作為CENTUM VP和子系統控制器之間的網關。UGS用與CENTUM VP現場控制站相同的方式操作和監視子系統控制器。

HIS:人機界面站
ENG:工程站
FCS:現場控制台
SCS:安全控制站


 

海上油氣田的管理正朝著跨學科及業務領域集成數據的綜合業務邁進。上游石油天然氣公司通過綜合運營,挑戰非常規及遠程環境下的複雜性操作。通過集成系統實現了集成操作。緊密集成的系統改變了工作方式,提高了決策質量和速度。

企業自動化解決方案(EAS)將實時和歷史自動化訊息從工廠或領域傳遞到企業管理級,用於分佈式自動化系統的分析,研究,資產監控和控制。為了提高安全性,生產性和效率,人們需要以他們可以使用的方式獲得最好的訊息.EAS在正確的時間將正確的自動化相關訊息傳遞給合適的人做出正確的決定。

近海勘探和生產在苛刻條件下需要獲得最多的正常運行時間。載人和無人設施都需要可靠的綜合控制和安全系統(ICSS),並具有先進的遠程監控能力。橫河擁有先進的技術和豐富的經驗,可以執行不同規模及各種複雜程度的離岸項目。

天然氣處理的目的是控制天然氣的露點,並分離天然氣液體用於銷售和分配。油和凝析油的去除,水的去除,天然氣液體的分離以及硫和二氧化碳的去除是用於分離來自上游儲罐的進料中的雜質。分餾過程從氣體處理廠獲取液體流,它可以由甲烷,丙烷,丁烷和戊烷組成,並在單獨的分餾塔中進行處理,然後在分離成單獨的成分出售之前進入雜質處理設備。

摘要:

INPEX Corporation (INPEX) is Japan's biggest oil and gas development company and is involved in all aspects of this business, from research to exploration, production, and sales. INPEX is engaged in projects all over the world, in a total of 29 countries, including Japan, where it operates a gas production plant near Oyazawa, a town in Niigata prefecture.

摘要:
  • Exapilot improves operations and reduces energy use at PTT Khanom Gas Separation Plant #4.
  • This is a real solution package and a good tool for the plan-do-check-act (PDCA) cycle to achieve operational excellence in the plant.
摘要:
  • Yokogawa receives award for hot cutover of BP Sharjah plant DCS.
  • Yokogawa was selected by BP as main automation contractor (MAC) for a project to replace the Sharjah plant's existing legacy DCS with Yokogawa CENTUM VP.
摘要:
  • Yokogawa completes automation replacement.
  • A one-team approach by BP and Yokogawa was achieved by managing the business relationship in an open, performance-focused, and collaborative manner.
摘要:
  • CACT Offshore platform reduces unplanned downtime by migrating from Legacy PLC System to reliable CENTUM CS 3000.
  • It is possible for CACT engineers to modify the system configuration, download software updates, and hot-swap I/O cards while the process control system is online.
摘要:
  • This is the first offshore platform in Thailand that is designed to make full use of FOUNDATION fieldbus technology.
  • Thanks to Yokogawa's highly reliable systems and products, a safe working environment has been achieved.
摘要:

A Malaysian Gas Processing and Transmission Company a subsidiary of the national oil & gas major, plays a prominent role in the gas business value chain. The company operates as a throughput service company providing the services of processing and transmission of gas to the power generation sectors and various customers. 

摘要:
  • World's largest control systems and PIMS for securing production over an extended period
  • Fully-automated, alarm-free operation and reduced total cost of ownership
摘要:
  • NAM needs to remotely monitor field devices and organize their maintenance schedule.
  • True value in instrument diagnostics and preventative maintenance with powerful software tools like DTM.
摘要:
  • Yokogawa revamp of control systems at NAM Den Helder plant ensures stable gas supply in the Netherlands.
  • Site survey, creation of a function design specification (FDS) from the existing TDC system database, documentation verification.
摘要:
  • Nearly 1000 FOUNDATION fieldbus devices were connected to the CENTUM CS 3000.
  • PRM provides a single window interface to all FOUNDATION fieldbus and HART devices and this gives maintenance personnel quick access.
摘要:
  • FAST/TOOLS SCADA system has helped NAM reduce its operational costs.
  • By installing this onto the existing system, the ever greater data streams became easier to manage.
摘要:
  • Online hot cut over from the legacy Honeywell TDC3000 to the Yokogawa CENTUM CS 3000.
  • The work was successfully completed 48 days ahead of schedule and without disruption to operations.
摘要:

Saudi Aramco's operations span the globe and the energy industry. The world leader in crude oil production, Saudi Aramco also owns and operates an extensive network of refining and distribution facilities, and is responsible for gas processing and transportation installations that fuel Saudi Arabia's industrial sector. An array of international subsidiaries and joint ventures deliver crude oil and refined products to customers worldwide.

摘要:
  • The plant was designed to be unmanned, except for some first-line maintenance personnel who are stationed at the plant.
  • Through the use of the latest control system and FOUNDATION™ fieldbus technology supplied by Yokogawa, process control and the diagnostic monitoring of field instrumentation is done from remote locations.
摘要:
  • System implementation through mutual trust with customer and proven IT expertise
  • Real-time data processing and file generation for office application
摘要:
  • Smooth fieldbus deployment through first-class project management and expertise
  • Reduced operating costs by utilizing the latest technology
摘要:
  • Extremely cost-effective, reliable fieldbus solution to revive control system
  • Minimized total cost of ownership and maximized total value of ownership
摘要:

Mobil Oil Indonesia (MOI) identified Yokogawa as its vendor of choice for all natural gas exploration installations in the north of Sumatra.

摘要:

Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij (NAM) is the Netherlands' largest natural gas producer. In addition to onshore fields, NAM operates manned platforms and four unmanned monotowers in 19 offshore locations. These connect to a pipeline network that comes ashore at Den Helder. 

摘要:
  • Effeciently controls the inlet valve and blow-off valve when the compressor starts and stops.
  • During steady operation, controls the inlet valve so that the amount of discharged compressed air becomes constant (flow control)
  • Surging: Load decreases, the amount of discharge flow and pressure drop, and a limit is exceeded, possibly destroying the compressor.
摘要:

STARDOM field control node (FCN) autonomous controllers allow both Modbus master and slave functions to run simultaneously.

摘要:

Gas flow data calculated by an RTU can be sent back to a transmitter using the two-way communications capability of FOUNDATION fieldbus.

摘要:

To make the most of the advantages of GPRS, Yokogawa's STARDOM FCN/FCJ intelligent RTUs and FAST/TOOLS SCADA package have several functions that reduce the number of packets that must be sent. This dramatically lowers communication fees.

摘要:

Operators must receive diagnostic information before a line block leads to a malfunction. Yokogawa provides predictive diagnostics based on trend analysis of the blocking factor, which improves maintenance efficiency and reduces maintenance costs.

應用
摘要:

Level transmitter configuration can be very time consuming. DPharp transmitters with advanced software functionality eliminate this time consuming task. With maintenance shops getting smaller, finding equipment that allows us to do more with less becomes a priority.

摘要:

One of the most common applications for differential pressure transmitters is flow measurement. DPharp differential pressure transmitters have some unique signal conditioning features to eliminate instability at low flow rates.

摘要:

The major methods of improved oil recovery are water flooding and steam injection. "These technologies make a tremendous contribution to recovering additional oil from old wells as well as improve primary recovery of operating oil fields."

摘要:

HART communication is a means of transmitting multiple signals by superimposing long-standard 4-20 mA DC analog signals on digital signals. The figure below is an example of connecting field instruments and upstream devices using HART communication compatible VJA1/H signal conditioners.

摘要:

The paperless recorder DX series instruments allow you to determine temperature and humidity, and manage the results as manufacturing and quality data at a reasonable cost with a simple configuration.

摘要:

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a separation process that uses pressure to force a solution through a membrane that retains the solute on one side and allows the pure solvent to pass to the other side. More formally, it is the process of forcing a solvent from a region of high solute concentration through a membrane to a region of low solute concentration by applying a pressure in excess of the osmotic pressure.

摘要:

Yokogawa provides controller embedded flow calculation library based on AGA (American Gas Association) reports.

摘要:

This paper introduces the ADMAG AXR 2-wire magnetic flomwmeter solution for chilled water application in air conditioning unit.

摘要:

Industrial Combustion sources such as thermal cracking furnaces and, process heaters play a critical role in the process industry. Because the large amount of fuel such as gas or fuel oil which is consumed in these processes, their combustion efficiency directly affects the performance and operational costs of the production facilities.

摘要:

Floating-point format calculations have enabled physical quantities (in engineering units) to be used in calculations.

摘要:
  • Compressor start and stop
    The inlet valve and blow-off valve are controlled efficiently.
  • During steady-state operation
    The inlet valve is controlled to regulate the blow-off flow rate of the compressed air. (Flow control)
摘要:

Risk management is crucial when expanding your business.

摘要:

Industrial Combustion sources such as thermal cracking furnaces and, process heaters play a critical role in the process industry.

摘要:

ISA100 wireless pressure transmitters

摘要:

The client wanted to monitor the pressure of the gas well at offshore platform remotely to reduce maintenance cost and increase safety of maintenance personnel.

摘要:

The client wanted to monitor the injection gas pressure of gas lift remotely in central control room. Antitheft measures are needed to install new equipments and cables.

摘要:

ISA100 wireless temperature and pressure transmitters.

摘要:

A battery room is used to storage batteries for emergency power management in the plant. Each substation has battery room and the storage batteries are lead-acid batteries which must be maintained within specified operating temperature limits. Temperature management is important to ensure a long service life of the batteries especially for the plant in desert climates.

摘要:

Recently, several ARC Advisory Group analysts and management team members had a chance to sit down with the new Yokogawa President and COO, Mr. Takashi Nishijima, and several other top Yokogawa executives to discuss the company's burgeoning presence in the worldwide upstream and midstream oil & gas industry.

摘要:

Alarm management is not just a project that has a start and end date; it's a continuous cycle. Once the alarm system has been reviewed and improvements have been identified, we must check that controls are in place to ensure the alarm system remains functional. The key is to ensure that the system is continuously monitored and any changes are fully documented. There are seven key steps for alarm management. Rationalization is one of those critical steps.

摘要:

Tuning PID controllers can seem a mystery. Parameters that provide effective control over a process one day fail to do so the next. The stability and responsiveness of a process seem to be at complete odds with each other. And controller equations include subtle differences that can baffle even the most experienced practitioners. 

摘要:

The worlds of process automation and production management have been converging for some time. What once used to be islands of automation and production management functionality connected through highly proprietary integration schemes that were costly to maintain have developed into integrated platforms that provide seamless data exchange between the world of automation and the plant floor, the functions of production and operations management, and integration with business level systems.

摘要:

The world of process automation is governed by procedures. While we like to refer to the process industries as being largely "continuous", this could not be further from the truth. Process manufacturing is constantly in flux.

摘要:

From engineering to installation, commissioning, operations, and maintenance, FOUNDATION fieldbus offer significant cost reductions of 30 percent or more versus conventional analog systems. Many of these cost reductions come from the advanced functions that fieldbus offers versus analog technology.

摘要:

The automation suppliers that will be successful in the long term will be those that effectively address application or industry specific problems for end users with a value proposition that cannot be ignored. These problems exist throughout the process industries today, and they won't be solved by simply offering a product, but through a combination of hardware, software, services, application expertise, and knowledge.

摘要:

In ARC's view, customers need a compelling business value proposition to justify investment in any kind of automation. Vigilance and VigilantPlant were created with this in mind. Yokogawa's vision with VigilantPlant is to create an environment where plant personnel and operators are well informed, alert, and ready to take action. 

摘要:

Yokogawa has come a long way in making its message clear to the world of process automation. Last year, the company embarked on a full-scale global marketing campaign to make customers aware of the company's focus on system reliability, security, dependability, and robustness. Dubbed "Vigilance", the campaign created a unified message for the company and greatly helped expand awareness of the Yokogawa brand and corporate philosophy.

摘要:

Process automation end users are under more pressure than ever to do more with less. The current economic climate means that many automation capital projects are on hold. With capital budgets tighter than ever, users instead focus on operational budgets (where cost cutting is also a key concern), or on automation investments with a very rapid return on investment.

摘要:

In today's dynamic industrial marketplace, the only constant is change. Raw material costs, energy costs, market demands, environmental and safety regulations, technology, and even the nature of the labor force itself are constantly changing, and not always in predictable directions.

摘要:

Migration of a refinery's DCS provided an opportunity to reconfigure and consolidate the control rooms and operational management system.

摘要:

July 2011

Process plants are run according to operational procedures. These procedures consist of a set of tasks that are executed in a consistent manner to achieve a specific objective, such as starting up, shutting down or transitioning a unit as part of making a product. 

摘要:

September 2009

Partnering with Saudi Aramco, Yokogawa is providing local project execution including testing and implementing a continuing policy of Saudisation.

摘要:

August 2006

Many published papers discuss the benefits of subsea HIPPS and many studies show the potential cost-benefit analysis of this technology in deepwater applications. An internet search for subsea HIPPS is informative; however, little appears that discusses the systems already delivered and operating successfully.

摘要:

Chevron turns to deeper relationships with fewer suppliers to increase project execution consistency

摘要:

Using wireless for gas detection is a very flexible method, and allowed ExxonMobil to establish it as a redundant system

摘要:

Trinity integrated Systems' iDefine Suite reduces errors and streamlines design of safety instrumented systems

摘要:

Pipeline & Gas Journal, February 2014

The line of functionality between supervisory control and data acquisition and distributed control system is blurring.  These two traditionally disparate technologies are now seen as competitors in similar application environments.

摘要:

Offshore, February 2013

Offshore and deep-water production has been a significant factor in the sustained growth of the oil and gas industries over the past decade and this trend is expected to continue beyond 2013. 

訪談

    摘要:

    How much do you know about pressure transmitters? Are you accurately, quickly and reliably measuring pressure? Ultimately, the drive of any good pressure transmitter is to get an accurate, reliable pressure measurement to the data user quickly. This video gives you the answers to your basic questions about pressure and pressure transmitters.

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