上游

上游行业包含海上和陆上活动,包括井口自动化、分馏、完井和分离,回收和制备地下或水下原油和天然气。

当石油被带到地表时,在运输之前必须将其分离。在三相分离中,一级和二级分离阶段通常分布有气体流量、水流量和油流量。气体的输送需要管道,并且在输送之前的上游阶段需要进行分馏。液体需要通过罐和管道输送并处理,这就需要精确的液位测量

客户面临的挑战

石油和天然气井正在分布到更广泛的领域,钻探将达到更深的深度,因此需要采用越来越复杂的技术。成本按比例上升。为了帮助控制成本,重要的是防止可能导致的意外停车的设备故障。

我们的解决方案

计划外停车破坏了生产计划,导致利益受损。横河的产品具有高可用性,可防止油气田的非计划停车,节省客户的资金,增加过程的安全性。

横河的分布式控制系统(DCS) CENTUM系列的核心是一个独特的成对备用的控制器结构,由一组冗余的CPU模块组成,每个模块都配备双微处理器。如果检测到任何不匹配,这两个处理器连续比较它们的输出并启动无凸点切换。通过这种方式,CENTUM系列系统达到99.99999%(79)的可用性。其他横河产品,如STARDOM RTU遵循类似的设计理念,利用在高端PC中发现的相同的错误检查和纠正(ECC)内存,并具有正常内存容量的两倍,便于长期存储气体体积数据等现场信息。这有助于减少停车时间,提高系统可靠性,并无需前往偏远井位从而提高维护效率。

使能技术

CENTUM VP

CENTUM系列现场控制站(FCSS)的所有硬件和软件都是横河开发的。凭借我们对这些系统内部和外部的了解,可以帮助客户保持99.99999%的可用性。

 

STARDOM

FCN-RTU具有诸如256 MHz 32RISC处理器的特性,是经过现场验证的FCN/FCJ体系结构的进化。同时提供高性能和低功耗。该低成本模型具有四个串行I/O端口和一个以太网端口,从而满足SCADA应用的最低要求。

 

客户面临的挑战

石油和天然气公司正在努力保持竞争力并努力增加收益。实现这一目标的一种方法是通过应用现场数字技术来增强性能。

我们的解决方案

横河的高精度和高稳定性的现场数字技术通过减少非计划停车时间和免除到现场检查的需求,给石油天然气公司带来了竞争优势。横河提供了一条向先进技术迁移的道路。

使能技术

现场数字

横河在1998年发布了第一批基金会现场总线兼容产品后,开始积极发展现场数字技术。作为基金会现场总线国际标准定义的主要倡导者,横河通过减少现场布线的需要,引入智能现场设备,并改善数字现场设备的管理和诊断,在优化操作中发挥着重要的作用。

 

现场无线

横河无线技术花费了大量的时间和精力来增加测量点。变送器可以方便地安装在布线困难的物理位置或需要耗费成本的地方。通过无线网络连接传感器极大提高了监测效率,同时优化了功耗和通信,从而最大限度提高了测量可用性。在广域网络上集成无线测量有助于将现场信息传输到控制室。在控制室可以通过横河的FAST/TOOLS SCADA系统实现可视化管理。

技术升级

在油气田作业中引入数字技术有助于优化生产,提高运行安全性和保护环境。还有一个优势是这些数字技术的部署非常便利。横河的STARDOM RTU和混合PLC可以同时控制模拟传感器和数字传感器,不再需要安装网关或使用ModbusFOUNDATION fieldbus™HARTDNP3DeviceNet建立专用网络或其他类型的现场网络。因此,可以实现对数字现场网络的逐步升级。

客户面临的挑战

载人和无人井口通常分布在一个广阔的区域,并由许多类型的通信基础设施连接。整合这些复杂的操作是提高效率的关键因素。

我们的解决方案

统一实时监控

横河提供一个集成的人机界面(HMI),实现统一监控和报警处理。这使系统更容易操作,减少了操作员的错误,提高了安全性,并节省了培训时间和费用。横河统一网关站(UGS)支持与横河智能RTUSTARDOM)和使用ModbusTCP/RTU)、OPC、以太网/IP等技术的本地网络连接,无人和载人井口都易于集成。由于来自不同网络的图形都跟CENTUM VP具有相同的外观和感觉,操作员只需要学习如何使用CENTUM VP HMI,就可以轻松地操作整个系统及处理报警。UGS还适用于所有类型的通信,如SAMDOMModbusEthernet/IP的单冗余和双冗余通信网络。只需要简单的编程就可以构建具有额外UGS的高度可靠的系统。

使能技术

UGS具有统一操作和监视环境的特点。

  • 不同控制器之间的无缝过程操作和监测(过程数据和警报)及系统监控。
  • 广泛的操作和监控范围。
  • 提高工程效率。

系统配置示例

UGS作为CENTUM VP和子系统控制器之间的网关。UGS用与CENTUM VP现场控制站相同的方式操作和监视子系统控制器。

HIS:人机界面站
ENG:工程站
FCS:现场控制台
SCS:安全控制站


 

海上油气田的管理正朝着跨学科及业务领域集成数据的综合业务迈进。上游石油天然气公司通过综合运营,挑战非常规及远程环境下的复杂性操作。通过集成系统实现了集成操作。紧密集成的系统改变了工作方式,提高了决策质量和速度。

企业自动化解决方案(EAS)将实时和历史自动化信息从工厂或领域传递到企业管理级,用于分布式自动化系统的分析、研究、资产监控和控制。为了提高安全性、生产性和效率,人们需要以他们可以使用的方式获得最好的信息。EAS在正确的时间将正确的自动化相关信息传递给合适的人做出正确的决定。

近海勘探和生产在苛刻条件下需要获得最多的正常运行时间。载人和无人设施都需要可靠的综合控制和安全系统(ICSS),并具有先进的远程监控能力。横河拥有先进的技术和丰富的经验,可以执行不同规模及各种复杂程度的离岸项目。

天然气处理的目的是控制天然气的露点,并分离天然气液体用于销售和分配。油和凝析油的去除、水的去除、天然气液体的分离以及硫和二氧化碳的去除是用于分离来自上游储罐的进料中的杂质。分馏过程从气体处理厂获取液体流,它可以由甲烷、丙烷、丁烷和戊烷组成,并在单独的分馏塔中进行处理,然后在分离成单独的成分出售之前进入杂质处理设备。

概述:

INPEX Corporation (INPEX) is Japan's biggest oil and gas development company and is involved in all aspects of this business, from research to exploration, production, and sales. INPEX is engaged in projects all over the world, in a total of 29 countries, including Japan, where it operates a gas production plant near Oyazawa, a town in Niigata prefecture.

概述:
  • Exapilot improves operations and reduces energy use at PTT Khanom Gas Separation Plant #4.
  • This is a real solution package and a good tool for the plan-do-check-act (PDCA) cycle to achieve operational excellence in the plant.
概述:
  • Yokogawa receives award for hot cutover of BP Sharjah plant DCS.
  • Yokogawa was selected by BP as main automation contractor (MAC) for a project to replace the Sharjah plant's existing legacy DCS with Yokogawa CENTUM VP.
概述:
  • Yokogawa completes automation replacement.
  • A one-team approach by BP and Yokogawa was achieved by managing the business relationship in an open, performance-focused, and collaborative manner.
概述:
  • CACT Offshore platform reduces unplanned downtime by migrating from Legacy PLC System to reliable CENTUM CS 3000.
  • It is possible for CACT engineers to modify the system configuration, download software updates, and hot-swap I/O cards while the process control system is online.
概述:
  • This is the first offshore platform in Thailand that is designed to make full use of FOUNDATION fieldbus technology.
  • Thanks to Yokogawa's highly reliable systems and products, a safe working environment has been achieved.
概述:

A Malaysian Gas Processing and Transmission Company a subsidiary of the national oil & gas major, plays a prominent role in the gas business value chain. The company operates as a throughput service company providing the services of processing and transmission of gas to the power generation sectors and various customers. 

概述:
  • World's largest control systems and PIMS for securing production over an extended period
  • Fully-automated, alarm-free operation and reduced total cost of ownership
概述:
  • NAM needs to remotely monitor field devices and organize their maintenance schedule.
  • True value in instrument diagnostics and preventative maintenance with powerful software tools like DTM.
概述:
  • Yokogawa revamp of control systems at NAM Den Helder plant ensures stable gas supply in the Netherlands.
  • Site survey, creation of a function design specification (FDS) from the existing TDC system database, documentation verification.
概述:
  • Nearly 1000 FOUNDATION fieldbus devices were connected to the CENTUM CS 3000.
  • PRM provides a single window interface to all FOUNDATION fieldbus and HART devices and this gives maintenance personnel quick access.
概述:
  • FAST/TOOLS SCADA system has helped NAM reduce its operational costs.
  • By installing this onto the existing system, the ever greater data streams became easier to manage.
概述:
  • Online hot cut over from the legacy Honeywell TDC3000 to the Yokogawa CENTUM CS 3000.
  • The work was successfully completed 48 days ahead of schedule and without disruption to operations.
概述:

Saudi Aramco's operations span the globe and the energy industry. The world leader in crude oil production, Saudi Aramco also owns and operates an extensive network of refining and distribution facilities, and is responsible for gas processing and transportation installations that fuel Saudi Arabia's industrial sector. An array of international subsidiaries and joint ventures deliver crude oil and refined products to customers worldwide.

概述:
  • The plant was designed to be unmanned, except for some first-line maintenance personnel who are stationed at the plant.
  • Through the use of the latest control system and FOUNDATION™ fieldbus technology supplied by Yokogawa, process control and the diagnostic monitoring of field instrumentation is done from remote locations.
概述:
  • System implementation through mutual trust with customer and proven IT expertise
  • Real-time data processing and file generation for office application
概述:
  • Smooth fieldbus deployment through first-class project management and expertise
  • Reduced operating costs by utilizing the latest technology
概述:
  • Extremely cost-effective, reliable fieldbus solution to revive control system
  • Minimized total cost of ownership and maximized total value of ownership
概述:

Mobil Oil Indonesia (MOI) identified Yokogawa as its vendor of choice for all natural gas exploration installations in the north of Sumatra.

概述:

Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij (NAM) is the Netherlands' largest natural gas producer. In addition to onshore fields, NAM operates manned platforms and four unmanned monotowers in 19 offshore locations. These connect to a pipeline network that comes ashore at Den Helder. 

概述:
  • Effeciently controls the inlet valve and blow-off valve when the compressor starts and stops.
  • During steady operation, controls the inlet valve so that the amount of discharged compressed air becomes constant (flow control)
  • Surging: Load decreases, the amount of discharge flow and pressure drop, and a limit is exceeded, possibly destroying the compressor.
概述:

STARDOM field control node (FCN) autonomous controllers allow both Modbus master and slave functions to run simultaneously.

概述:

Gas flow data calculated by an RTU can be sent back to a transmitter using the two-way communications capability of FOUNDATION fieldbus.

概述:

To make the most of the advantages of GPRS, Yokogawa's STARDOM FCN/FCJ intelligent RTUs and FAST/TOOLS SCADA package have several functions that reduce the number of packets that must be sent. This dramatically lowers communication fees.

概述:

Operators must receive diagnostic information before a line block leads to a malfunction. Yokogawa provides predictive diagnostics based on trend analysis of the blocking factor, which improves maintenance efficiency and reduces maintenance costs.

应用
概述:

Level transmitter configuration can be very time consuming. DPharp transmitters with advanced software functionality eliminate this time consuming task. With maintenance shops getting smaller, finding equipment that allows us to do more with less becomes a priority.

概述:

One of the most common applications for differential pressure transmitters is flow measurement. DPharp differential pressure transmitters have some unique signal conditioning features to eliminate instability at low flow rates.

概述:

The major methods of improved oil recovery are water flooding and steam injection. "These technologies make a tremendous contribution to recovering additional oil from old wells as well as improve primary recovery of operating oil fields."

概述:

HART communication is a means of transmitting multiple signals by superimposing long-standard 4-20 mA DC analog signals on digital signals. The figure below is an example of connecting field instruments and upstream devices using HART communication compatible VJA1/H signal conditioners.

概述:

The paperless recorder DX series instruments allow you to determine temperature and humidity, and manage the results as manufacturing and quality data at a reasonable cost with a simple configuration.

概述:

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a separation process that uses pressure to force a solution through a membrane that retains the solute on one side and allows the pure solvent to pass to the other side. More formally, it is the process of forcing a solvent from a region of high solute concentration through a membrane to a region of low solute concentration by applying a pressure in excess of the osmotic pressure.

概述:

Yokogawa provides controller embedded flow calculation library based on AGA (American Gas Association) reports.

概述:

This paper introduces the ADMAG AXR 2-wire magnetic flomwmeter solution for chilled water application in air conditioning unit.

概述:

Industrial Combustion sources such as thermal cracking furnaces and, process heaters play a critical role in the process industry. Because the large amount of fuel such as gas or fuel oil which is consumed in these processes, their combustion efficiency directly affects the performance and operational costs of the production facilities.

概述:

Floating-point format calculations have enabled physical quantities (in engineering units) to be used in calculations.

概述:
  • Compressor start and stop
    The inlet valve and blow-off valve are controlled efficiently.
  • During steady-state operation
    The inlet valve is controlled to regulate the blow-off flow rate of the compressed air. (Flow control)
概述:

Risk management is crucial when expanding your business.

概述:

Industrial Combustion sources such as thermal cracking furnaces and, process heaters play a critical role in the process industry.

概述:

ISA100 wireless pressure transmitters

概述:

The client wanted to monitor the pressure of the gas well at offshore platform remotely to reduce maintenance cost and increase safety of maintenance personnel.

概述:

The client wanted to monitor the injection gas pressure of gas lift remotely in central control room. Antitheft measures are needed to install new equipments and cables.

概述:

ISA100 wireless temperature and pressure transmitters.

概述:

A battery room is used to storage batteries for emergency power management in the plant. Each substation has battery room and the storage batteries are lead-acid batteries which must be maintained within specified operating temperature limits. Temperature management is important to ensure a long service life of the batteries especially for the plant in desert climates.

概述:

Recently, several ARC Advisory Group analysts and management team members had a chance to sit down with the new Yokogawa President and COO, Mr. Takashi Nishijima, and several other top Yokogawa executives to discuss the company's burgeoning presence in the worldwide upstream and midstream oil & gas industry.

概述:

Alarm management is not just a project that has a start and end date; it's a continuous cycle. Once the alarm system has been reviewed and improvements have been identified, we must check that controls are in place to ensure the alarm system remains functional. The key is to ensure that the system is continuously monitored and any changes are fully documented. There are seven key steps for alarm management. Rationalization is one of those critical steps.

概述:

Tuning PID controllers can seem a mystery. Parameters that provide effective control over a process one day fail to do so the next. The stability and responsiveness of a process seem to be at complete odds with each other. And controller equations include subtle differences that can baffle even the most experienced practitioners. 

概述:

The worlds of process automation and production management have been converging for some time. What once used to be islands of automation and production management functionality connected through highly proprietary integration schemes that were costly to maintain have developed into integrated platforms that provide seamless data exchange between the world of automation and the plant floor, the functions of production and operations management, and integration with business level systems.

概述:

The world of process automation is governed by procedures. While we like to refer to the process industries as being largely "continuous", this could not be further from the truth. Process manufacturing is constantly in flux.

概述:

From engineering to installation, commissioning, operations, and maintenance, FOUNDATION fieldbus offer significant cost reductions of 30 percent or more versus conventional analog systems. Many of these cost reductions come from the advanced functions that fieldbus offers versus analog technology.

概述:

The automation suppliers that will be successful in the long term will be those that effectively address application or industry specific problems for end users with a value proposition that cannot be ignored. These problems exist throughout the process industries today, and they won't be solved by simply offering a product, but through a combination of hardware, software, services, application expertise, and knowledge.

概述:

In ARC's view, customers need a compelling business value proposition to justify investment in any kind of automation. Vigilance and VigilantPlant were created with this in mind. Yokogawa's vision with VigilantPlant is to create an environment where plant personnel and operators are well informed, alert, and ready to take action. 

概述:

Yokogawa has come a long way in making its message clear to the world of process automation. Last year, the company embarked on a full-scale global marketing campaign to make customers aware of the company's focus on system reliability, security, dependability, and robustness. Dubbed "Vigilance", the campaign created a unified message for the company and greatly helped expand awareness of the Yokogawa brand and corporate philosophy.

概述:

Process automation end users are under more pressure than ever to do more with less. The current economic climate means that many automation capital projects are on hold. With capital budgets tighter than ever, users instead focus on operational budgets (where cost cutting is also a key concern), or on automation investments with a very rapid return on investment.

概述:

In today's dynamic industrial marketplace, the only constant is change. Raw material costs, energy costs, market demands, environmental and safety regulations, technology, and even the nature of the labor force itself are constantly changing, and not always in predictable directions.

概述:

Migration of a refinery's DCS provided an opportunity to reconfigure and consolidate the control rooms and operational management system.

概述:

July 2011

Process plants are run according to operational procedures. These procedures consist of a set of tasks that are executed in a consistent manner to achieve a specific objective, such as starting up, shutting down or transitioning a unit as part of making a product. 

概述:

September 2009

Partnering with Saudi Aramco, Yokogawa is providing local project execution including testing and implementing a continuing policy of Saudisation.

概述:

August 2006

Many published papers discuss the benefits of subsea HIPPS and many studies show the potential cost-benefit analysis of this technology in deepwater applications. An internet search for subsea HIPPS is informative; however, little appears that discusses the systems already delivered and operating successfully.

概述:

Chevron turns to deeper relationships with fewer suppliers to increase project execution consistency

概述:

Using wireless for gas detection is a very flexible method, and allowed ExxonMobil to establish it as a redundant system

概述:

Trinity integrated Systems' iDefine Suite reduces errors and streamlines design of safety instrumented systems

概述:

Pipeline & Gas Journal, February 2014

The line of functionality between supervisory control and data acquisition and distributed control system is blurring.  These two traditionally disparate technologies are now seen as competitors in similar application environments.

概述:

Offshore, February 2013

Offshore and deep-water production has been a significant factor in the sustained growth of the oil and gas industries over the past decade and this trend is expected to continue beyond 2013. 

访谈

    概述:

    How much do you know about pressure transmitters? Are you accurately, quickly and reliably measuring pressure? Ultimately, the drive of any good pressure transmitter is to get an accurate, reliable pressure measurement to the data user quickly. This video gives you the answers to your basic questions about pressure and pressure transmitters.

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