Upstream

La industria Upstream incluye las actividades offshore y onshore, incluyendo la automatización de boca de pozos, el fraccionamiento, la terminación, y la separación para recuperar y preparar petróleo crudo y gas natural subterráneos o submarinos.

A medida que el petróleo es llevado a la superficie, debe ser separado antes de su transportación. Las etapas de separación primaria y secundaria distribuyen comúnmente flujo de gas, el flujo de agua, y el flujo de aceite se separa en tres fases. El movimiento del gas requiere ductos y puede incluir un procedimiento de fraccionamiento en la etapa Upstream antes de su desplazamiento. Los líquidos se pueden colocar en tanques o tuberías y ser enviados para su procesamiento, que requieren medidas de nivel precisas.

Onshore vista en miniatura

Onshore

La industria onshore upstream se enfrenta a exigencias cada vez más altas y mayores desafíos con entornos cada vez más difíciles y hostiles en las que debe funcionar.

A medida que las oportunidades de los recursos de gas natural no convencional, en particular el shale gas, están creciendo en América del Norte, la solución total de Yokogawa juega un papel importante ayudando a los clientes a satisfacer los desafíos de reducir tanto el CAPEX y OPEX, mientras que las tecnologías integradas mejoradas aumentan la producción. Nuestra experiencia global, así como local proporcionan la base de nuestras soluciones totales únicas para satisfacer las necesidades de esta industria. Con expertos en onshore upstream que trabajan en las oficinas de todo el mundo, ofrecemos un soporte rápido y extenso para satisfacer las demandas de nuestros clientes.

Perforación     Boca de Pozos y Separación     Procesamiento & Fraccionamiento     

Customer Challenge

Oil and gas wells are being drilled to greater depths and are distributed over ever wider areas, necessitating the adoption of increasingly complex technologies. Costs have risen proportionally. To help keep costs under control, it is essential to prevent equipment failures that can lead to unplanned downtime.

Our Solutions

Unplanned downtime disrupts production plans and hurts the bottom line. The high availability of Yokogawa products prevents oil & gas fields from unplanned downtime, saving you money and increasing the safety of your process.

At the heart of the Yokogawa CENTUM series of distributed control system (DCS) systems is a unique “Pair and Spare” controller architecture, consisting of a redundant set of CPU modules, each of which is equipped with dual microprocessors. These two processors continuously compare their output and initiate a bump-less switchover if any mismatch is detected. By such means, CENTUM series systems attain an availability of 99.99999% (seven 9s). Other Yokogawa products such as the STARDOM RTU follow a similar design concept, utilizing the same error check and correct (ECC) memory found in high-end PCs and featuring twice the normal memory capacity to facilitate the long-term storage of gas volume data and other on-site information. This helps reduce downtime, improves system reliability, and increases maintenance efficiency by eliminating the need to travel to remote well locations.

Enabling Technology

CENTUM VP
All of the hardware and software in the CENTUM series field control stations (FCSs) were developed by Yokogawa. With our knowledge of these systems inside and out, we have what it takes to help you maintain 99.99999% availability.

 

STARDOM
With features such as a 256 MHz 32 bit RISC processor, the FCN-RTU is an evolution of the field proven FCN/FCJ architecture, delivering both high performance and low power consumption. This low-cost model has four serial I/O ports and one Ethernet port, and thus meets the minimum requirements of SCADA applications.

 

Customer Challenge

Oil and gas companies are trying to stay competitive and become more profitable. One way this is being done is through the application of field digital technologies for enhanced performance.

Our Solutions

Yokogawa's highly accurate and stable field digital technology gives oil and gas companies a competitive edge by reducing unplanned downtime and eliminating the need for travel to field sites. Yokogawa provides a path for migration to this state-of-art technology.

Enabling Technology

Field Digital
Yokogawa started developing field digital technology in earnest with the release of its first FOUNDATION fieldbus™ compliant products in 1998. By being a leading advocate for the definition of FOUNDATION fieldbus™international standards, Yokogawa is playing a central role in the optimization of operations by reducing the need for field wiring, allowing the introduction of intelligent field devices, and improving the management and diagnosis of digital field devices.

 

Field Wireless
Yokogawa wireless technology takes all the time and effort out of adding measurement points. Transmitters can easily be installed in locations where the installation of wiring is physically difficult and/or prohibitively expensive. The linking of sensors over a wireless network greatly improves the efficiency of monitoring while optimizing both power consumption and communications, and so maximizes measurement availability. The integration of wireless measurements over a wide area network facilitates the flow of field information to the control room, where it can be visualized and managed by Yokogawa’s FAST/TOOLS SCADA system.

Technology Upgrades
The introduction of digital technology in gas and oil field operations can help to optimize production, improve operational safety, and protect the environment. An added benefit is the ease by which these digital technologies can be deployed. As Yokogawa’s STARDOM RTU and hybrid PLC can control both analog sensors and digital sensors at the same time, no longer is there a need to install a gateway or set up a dedicated network or some other type of field network using Modbus, FOUNDATION fieldbus™, HART, DNP3, or DeviceNet. So, a step-by-step upgrade to a digital field network can be achieved.

Customer Challenge

Manned and unmanned wellheads are often distributed over a wide area and connected by many types of communications infrastructure. Integrating such complex operations is a key contributor to improved efficiency.

Our Solutions

Unified real-time monitoring
Yokogawa offers an integrated human machine interface (HMI) that enables unified monitoring and alarm handling. It makes the system easier to operate, results in fewer operator errors, improves safety, and reduces training time and expense. A Yokogawa unified gateway station (UGS) supports native network connectivity with Yokogawa intelligent RTUs (STARDOM) and PLCs that use technologies such as Modbus (TCP/RTU), OPC, and EtherNet/IP, allowing both unmanned and manned wellheads to be easily integrated. As the graphics from different networks all have the same CENTUM VP look & feel, operators only need to learn how to use the CENTUM VP HMI, making the overall system much easier to operate and handle alarms. UGS also complies with all types of communications such as single and dual-redundant communication networks for STARDOM, Modbus and EtherNet/IP. Only simple programming is required to build a highly reliable system with an additional UGS.

Enabling Technology

UGS has the following features for unified operation and monitoring environment on HIS.

  • Seamless process operation and monitoring (for process data and alarms) and system monitoring among different controllers
  • Wide range of operation and monitoring
  • Improved engineering efficiency

System configuration example
UGS works as a gateway between CENTUM VP and subsystem controllers. UGS operates and monitors subsystem controllers in the same way as a CENTUM VP field control station.


HIS:  human interface station
ENG:  engineering station
FCS:  field control station
SCS:  safety control station


 

The management of offshore oil & gas fields is moving towards integrated operations using integrated data across disciplines and business domains. By integrated operation, upstream oil & gas company is challenging increased complexity in unconventional and remote environments. Integrated operation is achieved with integrated system. Tightly integrated system changes the way to work and enhance decision making quality and speed.

Enterprise Automation Solution (EAS) is a solution that delivers real-time and historical automation information from the plant or field to the enterprise level for analysis, research, asset monitoring, and control of distributed automation systems. In order to improve safety, production and efficiency, people need to have the best possible information in a way they can work with. EAS delivers the right automation-related information to the right people at the right time to make the right decision.

Offshore exploration and production requires maximum uptime under harsh conditions. Manned and unmanned facilities need reliable integrated control and safety systems (ICSS) with advanced remote monitoring capabilities. Yokogawa has state-of-the-art technology and extensive experience in executing offshore projects of all sizes and levels of complexity.

Natural-gas processing is designed to control the dew point of the natural gas stream and to separate the natural gas liquids for sale and distribution. Oil and condensate removal, water removal, separation of natural gas liquids and sulfur & carbon dioxide removal are processes used to separate impurities in the feed coming from upstream reservoirs. The fractionation process takes the liquid streams from the gas processing plant, which may consist of methane, propane, butane and pentane and treats them in separate fractionation columns which may then go to an impurity treatment plant before being sold as separate components.

Overview:

La Corporación INPEX (INPEX) es la mayor compañía de desarrollo de petróleo y gas de Japón y está involucrada en todos los aspectos de este negocio, desde la investigación hasta la exploración, producción y ventas. La INPEX se dedica a proyectos en todo el mundo, con un total de 29 países, incluyendo Japón, en donde opera una planta de producción de gas cerca de Oyazawa, una ciudad en la prefectura de Niigata.

Overview:
  • Exapilot improves operations and reduces energy use at PTT Khanom Gas Separation Plant #4.
  • This is a real solution package and a good tool for the plan-do-check-act (PDCA) cycle to achieve operational excellence in the plant.
Overview:
  • Yokogawa recibe la concesión para la transición urgente de la planta DCS de BP Sharjah.
  • Yokogawa fue seleccionada por BP como el principal contratista de automatización (MAC) para un proyecto para reemplazar el DCS existente de la planta de Sharjah con el CENTUM VP de Yokogawa.
Overview:
  • Yokogawa completa el reemplazo automatizado.
  • Un solo equipo planteado por BP y Yokogawa logró mediante el manejo de la relación comercial abierta, centrada en el desempeño, y de manera colaborativa.
Overview:
  • CACT Offshore platform reduces unplanned downtime by migrating from Legacy PLC System to reliable CENTUM CS 3000.
  • It is possible for CACT engineers to modify the system configuration, download software updates, and hot-swap I/O cards while the process control system is online.
Overview:
  • Esta es la primera plataforma offshore en Tailandia que está diseñada para hacer uso completo de la tecnología de FOUNDATION Fieldbus.
  • Gracias a los sistemas y productos de altamente confiables de Yokogawa, se ha logrado un ambiente de trabajo seguro.
Overview:

A Malaysian Gas Processing and Transmission Company a subsidiary of the national oil & gas major, plays a prominent role in the gas business value chain. The company operates as a throughput service company providing the services of processing and transmission of gas to the power generation sectors and various customers. 

Overview:
  • World's largest control systems and PIMS for securing production over an extended period
  • Fully-automated, alarm-free operation and reduced total cost of ownership
Overview:
  • NAM needs to remotely monitor field devices and organize their maintenance schedule.
  • True value in instrument diagnostics and preventative maintenance with powerful software tools like DTM.
Overview:
  • Yokogawa revamp of control systems at NAM Den Helder plant ensures stable gas supply in the Netherlands.
  • Site survey, creation of a function design specification (FDS) from the existing TDC system database, documentation verification.
Overview:
  • Cerca de 1000 dispositivos con FOUNDATION Fieldbus se conectaron al CENTUM CS 3000.
  • El PRM proporciona una interfaz de ventana única a todos los dispositivos FOUNDATION Fieldbus y HART, lo que brinda al personal de mantenimiento un acceso rápido.
Overview:
  • El sistema FAST/TOOLS SCADA ha ayudado a NAM a reducir sus costos operacionales.
  • Al instalar esto en un sistema existente, el flujo de datos cada vez mayores se volvió más fácil de administrar.
Overview:
  • La Migración en Línea del Sistema Legacy TDC3000 de Honeywell al CENTUM CS 3000 de Yokogawa.
  • El trabajo fue completado de manera exitosa 48 días antes de lo planeado y sin interrumpir las operaciones.
Overview:

Saudi Aramco's operations span the globe and the energy industry. The world leader in crude oil production, Saudi Aramco also owns and operates an extensive network of refining and distribution facilities, and is responsible for gas processing and transportation installations that fuel Saudi Arabia's industrial sector. An array of international subsidiaries and joint ventures deliver crude oil and refined products to customers worldwide.

Overview:
  • La planta fue diseñada para ser operada sin tripulación, a excepción de algunos miembros del personal de mantenimiento que están estacionados en la planta.
  • A través del uso de la última versión del sistema de control y tecnología FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus suministrada por Yokogawa, control de procesos y el monitoreo de diagnósticos de instrumentación de campo se realiza desde ubicaciones remotas.
Overview:
  • System implementation through mutual trust with customer and proven IT expertise
  • Real-time data processing and file generation for office application
Overview:
  • Smooth fieldbus deployment through first-class project management and expertise
  • Reduced operating costs by utilizing the latest technology
Overview:
  • Extremadamente rentable, solución de Fieldbus confiable para reactivar el sistema de control
  • El costo total de adquisición se reduce al mínimo y el valor total de la propiedad se maximiza.
Overview:

Mobil Oil Indonesia (MOI) identified Yokogawa as its vendor of choice for all natural gas exploration installations in the north of Sumatra.

Overview:

Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij (NAM) es el productor más grande de gas natural en Los Países Bajos.

Estos se conectan a una red de gasoductos que vienen de tierra en Den Helder.

Overview:
  • Effeciently controls the inlet valve and blow-off valve when the compressor starts and stops.
  • During steady operation, controls the inlet valve so that the amount of discharged compressed air becomes constant (flow control)
  • Surging: Load decreases, the amount of discharge flow and pressure drop, and a limit is exceeded, possibly destroying the compressor.
Overview:

Los controladores autónomos de nodo de control de campo STARDOM (FCN) permiten que las funciones maestras y esclavas Modbus se ejecuten simultáneamente. 

Industrias:
Overview:

Los datos de flujo de gas calculados por una RTU pueden ser enviados a un transmisor utilizando la comunicación bidireccional del FOUNDATION fieldbus.

Industrias:
Overview:

Para aprovechar al máximo las ventajas del GPRS, las RTUs inteligentes STARDOM FCN/FCJ de Yokogawa y el paquete de FAST/TOOLS SCADA tienen varias funciones que reducen el número de paquetes que se deben enviar. Esto reduce dramáticamente los honorarios de la comunicación.

Industrias:
Overview:

Operators must receive diagnostic information before a line block leads to a malfunction. Yokogawa provides predictive diagnostics based on trend analysis of the blocking factor, which improves maintenance efficiency and reduces maintenance costs.

Industrias:
Aplicacione
Overview:

La configuración del transmisor de nivel puede tomar mucho tiempo. Los transmisores DPharp tiene la función de un software avanzado eliminando esta tarea que toma tiempo. Con talleres de mantenimiento cada vez más pequeños, la búsqueda de equipos que nos permiten hacer más con menos se convierte en una prioridad.

Industrias:
Aplicacione
Overview:

One of the most common applications for differential pressure transmitters is flow measurement. DPharp differential pressure transmitters have some unique signal conditioning features to eliminate instability at low flow rates.

Industrias:
Overview:

Los principales métodos mejorados de recuperación de petróleo son las inundaciones de agua y la inyección de vapor. "Estas tecnologías hacen una enorme contribución a la recuperación de petróleo adicional de los pozos viejos, así como mejoran la recuperación primaria de los campos petroleros en operación."

Overview:

HART communication is a means of transmitting multiple signals by superimposing long-standard 4-20 mA DC analog signals on digital signals. The figure below is an example of connecting field instruments and upstream devices using HART communication compatible VJA1/H signal conditioners.

Overview:

The paperless recorder DX series instruments allow you to determine temperature and humidity, and manage the results as manufacturing and quality data at a reasonable cost with a simple configuration.

Overview:

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a separation process that uses pressure to force a solution through a membrane that retains the solute on one side and allows the pure solvent to pass to the other side. More formally, it is the process of forcing a solvent from a region of high solute concentration through a membrane to a region of low solute concentration by applying a pressure in excess of the osmotic pressure.

Overview:

Yokogawa provides controller embedded flow calculation library based on AGA (American Gas Association) reports.

Industrias:
Overview:

Industrial Combustion sources such as thermal cracking furnaces and, process heaters play a critical role in the process industry. Because the large amount of fuel such as gas or fuel oil which is consumed in these processes, their combustion efficiency directly affects the performance and operational costs of the production facilities.

Overview:

Floating-point format calculations have enabled physical quantities (in engineering units) to be used in calculations.

Overview:
  • Compressor start and stop
    The inlet valve and blow-off valve are controlled efficiently.
  • During steady-state operation
    The inlet valve is controlled to regulate the blow-off flow rate of the compressed air. (Flow control)
Overview:

Risk management is crucial when expanding your business.

Overview:

Industrial Combustion sources such as thermal cracking furnaces and, process heaters play a critical role in the process industry.

Overview:

ISA100 wireless pressure transmitters

Industrias:
Overview:

The client wanted to monitor the pressure of the gas well at offshore platform remotely to reduce maintenance cost and increase safety of maintenance personnel.

Overview:

The client wanted to monitor the injection gas pressure of gas lift remotely in central control room. Antitheft measures are needed to install new equipments and cables.

Overview:

ISA100 wireless temperature and pressure transmitters.

Industrias:
Overview:

A battery room is used to storage batteries for emergency power management in the plant. Each substation has battery room and the storage batteries are lead-acid batteries which must be maintained within specified operating temperature limits. Temperature management is important to ensure a long service life of the batteries especially for the plant in desert climates.

Overview:

Recientemente, varios analistas del ARC Advisory Group y miembros de la gerencia tuvieron la oportunidad de sentarse con el nuevo Presidente de Yokogawa y COO, Sr. Takashi Nishijima, y varios otros altos ejecutivos de Yokogawa para discutir la presencia mundial de la compañía en la industria del gas y el petróleo.

Industrias:
Overview:

Alarm management is not just a project that has a start and end date; it's a continuous cycle. Once the alarm system has been reviewed and improvements have been identified, we must check that controls are in place to ensure the alarm system remains functional. The key is to ensure that the system is continuously monitored and any changes are fully documented. There are seven key steps for alarm management. Rationalization is one of those critical steps.

Industrias:
Overview:

Tuning PID controllers can seem a mystery. Parameters that provide effective control over a process one day fail to do so the next. The stability and responsiveness of a process seem to be at complete odds with each other. And controller equations include subtle differences that can baffle even the most experienced practitioners. 

Industrias:
Overview:

The worlds of process automation and production management have been converging for some time. What once used to be islands of automation and production management functionality connected through highly proprietary integration schemes that were costly to maintain have developed into integrated platforms that provide seamless data exchange between the world of automation and the plant floor, the functions of production and operations management, and integration with business level systems.

Overview:

The world of process automation is governed by procedures. While we like to refer to the process industries as being largely "continuous", this could not be further from the truth. Process manufacturing is constantly in flux.

Industrias:
Overview:

From engineering to installation, commissioning, operations, and maintenance, FOUNDATION fieldbus offer significant cost reductions of 30 percent or more versus conventional analog systems. Many of these cost reductions come from the advanced functions that fieldbus offers versus analog technology.

Overview:

The automation suppliers that will be successful in the long term will be those that effectively address application or industry specific problems for end users with a value proposition that cannot be ignored. These problems exist throughout the process industries today, and they won't be solved by simply offering a product, but through a combination of hardware, software, services, application expertise, and knowledge.

Overview:

In ARC's view, customers need a compelling business value proposition to justify investment in any kind of automation. Vigilance and VigilantPlant were created with this in mind. Yokogawa's vision with VigilantPlant is to create an environment where plant personnel and operators are well informed, alert, and ready to take action. 

Documentación Técnica
Overview:

Yokogawa ha recorrido un largo camino en hacer que su mensaje sea claro en el mundo de la automatización de procesos. El año pasado, la compañía se embarcó en una campaña global de marketing a gran escala para que los clientes conocieran el enfoque de la compañía en la confiabilidad del sistema, su seguridad, constancia y durabilidad. Denominado "Vigilancia", la campaña creó un mensaje unificado para la empresa y en gran medida ayudó a aumentar la difusión de la marca Yokogawa y la filosofía de la empresa.

Overview:

Los usuarios finales de procesos automatización están bajo más presión para hacer más con menos. La situación económica actual hace que muchos proyectos de capital de automatización estén en espera. Con los presupuestos de capital más limitados que nunca, los usuarios en lugar de enfocarse en los presupuestos de operaciones (en donde también la reducción de costos es una preocupación clave), o en las inversiones de automatización con un rápido retorno de inversión.

Overview:

In today's dynamic industrial marketplace, the only constant is change. Raw material costs, energy costs, market demands, environmental and safety regulations, technology, and even the nature of the labor force itself are constantly changing, and not always in predictable directions.

Overview:

La migración de DCS de una refinería proporcionó una oportunidad para volver a configurar y consolidar las salas de control y sistema de administración operativo.

Overview:

July 2011

Process plants are run according to operational procedures. These procedures consist of a set of tasks that are executed in a consistent manner to achieve a specific objective, such as starting up, shutting down or transitioning a unit as part of making a product. 

Overview:

Septiembre del 2009

En asociación con Saudi Aramco, Yokogawa está proporcionando la ejecución de proyectos locales incluyendo pruebas e implementación de una política continua de Saudización.

Overview:

Agosto del 2006

Muchos trabajos publicados hablan sobre los beneficios de los HIPPS submarinos así como muchos estudios muestran el potencial de análisis de costo-beneficio de esta tecnología en habla sobre los sistemas que ya han sido entregados y operan con éxito.

Overview:

Chevron turns to deeper relationships with fewer suppliers to increase project execution consistency

Overview:

Using wireless for gas detection is a very flexible method, and allowed ExxonMobil to establish it as a redundant system

Overview:

Trinity integrated Systems' iDefine Suite reduces errors and streamlines design of safety instrumented systems

Overview:

Pipeline & Gas Journal, February 2014

The line of functionality between supervisory control and data acquisition and distributed control system is blurring.  These two traditionally disparate technologies are now seen as competitors in similar application environments.

Overview:

Offshore, February 2013

Offshore and deep-water production has been a significant factor in the sustained growth of the oil and gas industries over the past decade and this trend is expected to continue beyond 2013. 

Entrevistas

    Overview:

    How much do you know about pressure transmitters? Are you accurately, quickly and reliably measuring pressure? Ultimately, the drive of any good pressure transmitter is to get an accurate, reliable pressure measurement to the data user quickly. This video gives you the answers to your basic questions about pressure and pressure transmitters.

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