Boca de Pozos y Separación

La cabeza de pozo proporciona la interfaz estructural y la presión que contiene para el equipo de perforación y producción. El control de la presión superficial es proporcionado por un árbol de Navidad, que se instala en la parte superior de la cabeza del pozo. Las válvulas de aislamiento y los equipos de obstrucción controlan físicamente el flujo de los fluidos del pozo cuando el pozo está en producción. Varios paquetes de automatización se añaden al monitor local o remoto, controlan y optimizan la producción de cada pozo o almohadilla de múltiples pocillos. Los separadores de campos petroleros emplean un recipiente a presión para separar así los fluidos producidos en los pozos de petróleo y gas en componentes gaseosos y líquidos que se transfieren a continuación a las tuberías o almacenamiento localizados en función de la infraestructura de las zonas.

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  • Solución Integrada SCADA con STARDOM y FAST/TOOLS  para el oleoducto multiproductos de Indian Oil Corporation.
  • El STARDOM facilita la visualización completa de los datos necesarios para las operaciones de tuberías seguras y confiables.
Overview:

ISA100 wireless pressure transmitters

Aplicacione
Overview:

One of the most common applications for differential pressure transmitters is flow measurement. DPharp differential pressure transmitters have some unique signal conditioning features to eliminate instability at low flow rates.

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Operators must receive diagnostic information before a line block leads to a malfunction. Yokogawa provides predictive diagnostics based on trend analysis of the blocking factor, which improves maintenance efficiency and reduces maintenance costs.

Aplicacione
Overview:

La configuración del transmisor de nivel puede tomar mucho tiempo. Los transmisores DPharp tiene la función de un software avanzado eliminando esta tarea que toma tiempo. Con talleres de mantenimiento cada vez más pequeños, la búsqueda de equipos que nos permiten hacer más con menos se convierte en una prioridad.

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Yokogawa provides controller embedded flow calculation library based on AGA (American Gas Association) reports.

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Los controladores autónomos de nodo de control de campo STARDOM (FCN) permiten que las funciones maestras y esclavas Modbus se ejecuten simultáneamente. 

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Los datos de flujo de gas calculados por una RTU pueden ser enviados a un transmisor utilizando la comunicación bidireccional del FOUNDATION fieldbus.

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ISA100 wireless temperature and pressure transmitters.

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Yokogawa es una de las pocas empresas en todo el mundo que es capaz de ejecutar con éxito grandes proyectos de migración de host SCADA, es decir, cuenta con artículos de datos de más de 500,000 puntos. Esta ventaja, además de nuestra resistente tecnología, junto con el conocimiento de Sistemas anteriores instalados en varios clientes y nuestra integración en general, además del conocimiento de sistemas de terceros debe dar a Yokogawa una clara ventaja técnica.

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Para aprovechar al máximo las ventajas del GPRS, las RTUs inteligentes STARDOM FCN/FCJ de Yokogawa y el paquete de FAST/TOOLS SCADA tienen varias funciones que reducen el número de paquetes que se deben enviar. Esto reduce dramáticamente los honorarios de la comunicación.

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Yokogawa first introduced its renowned SUPER CONTROL™ in industrial controllers over a decade ago. This is a fuzzy logic alogrithm that eliminates overshoot from the desired set point and mimics the control expertise of the most experienced operator.

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Medir el consumo de energía es un factor importante en la búsqueda de mejorar la eficiencia energética. La medición eficiente y precisa es fundamental para determinar el exceso de uso, junto con una imagen exacta en dónde se usa el vapor. Las mediciones más precisas y confiables que se realizan, las decisiones más informadas pueden ser tomadas afectando los costos y la calidad del producto. Tradicionalmente, el método más común de medición de vapor es la placa de orificios y la técnica de medición de presión diferencial. Las áreas generales de preocupación con este tipo de medición son la susceptibilidad de la placa de orificios para introducir errores inmediatos, las relativamente permanente pérdidas de presión alta introducidas en el sistema por el orificio y el rango de medida pequeña, por lo general típicamente es 3:1.

El digitalYEWFLO con Diámetro Reducido Tipo Medidor de Flujo Vortex Modelo de Yokogawa cuenta con una estructura de acero inoxidable fundido y un reductor concéntrico y de expansión que permite realizar unas mediciones de flujo estables en condiciones de bajo flujo. Esto amplía la gama de mediciones que se pueden realizar, desde las velocidades de flujo más altas hasta el extremo inferior del intervalo de flujo, que normalmente es difícil para los medidores de flujo Vortex, y asegura una salida de velocidad de flujo estable y exacta.

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There are numerous industrial applications where measurements and/or control of a specific chemical strength of the process is critical for optimizing the production of the end product. These specific concentrations are obtained by mixing a full strength solution with water to achieve the desired percent concentration.

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PID is an acronym for proportional band, integral and derivative. This control action allows a measurement (process variable) to be controlled at a desired set point by continuously adjusting a control output. These control parameters act on the error or deviation between set point and process variable.

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La Virtualización y el Almacenamiento en la Nube se están convirtiendo en términos comunes. Los Líderes Mundiales en Tecnología de la Información (TI) anuncian sus nuevas soluciones de Virtualización y Almacenamiento en la Nube.

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Both centrifigal and axial compressors cannot be allowed to operate below the surge limit of the operating conditions. The machinery may be exposed to excessive stress and vibration. If the discharge flow demand is less than the compressor surge limit, some of that flow must be vented or recycled to the inlet to stay above surge.

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Se estima que casi dos tercios de petróleo descubierto en los Estados Unidos se encuentran atrapado en formaciones porosas. Hay aproximadamente 500,000 pozos abandonados que contienen dicho petróleo. Debido a este hecho las compañías petroleras están persiguiendo constantemente métodos para la recuperación de este petróleo.

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La Virtualización y el Almacenamiento en la Nube se están convirtiendo en términos comunes. Los líderes mundiales en Tecnología de la Información (TI) anuncian con sus nuevas soluciones de Virtualización y Almacenamiento en la Nube.

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Debido a los eventos actuales de ataques de virus como Stuxnet y Flame, la demanda de seguridad informática se ha convertido en una alta prioridad dentro de la Automatización Industrial (IA). Desde el comienzo de la IA, el enfoque global para las tecnologías de seguridad se ha incrementado. Había una razón válida para el amplio escepticismo de la industria, dado que no había vulnerabilidades directas.

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Recientemente, varios analistas del ARC Advisory Group y miembros de la gerencia tuvieron la oportunidad de sentarse con el nuevo Presidente de Yokogawa y COO, Sr. Takashi Nishijima, y varios otros altos ejecutivos de Yokogawa para discutir la presencia mundial de la compañía en la industria del gas y el petróleo.

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This white paper provides an overview of how Yokogawa believes its customers can best prepare for and position themselves to benefit from IIoT-enabled technology and solutions and digitalization in general to emerge as the successful connected industrial enterprises of the future.

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Yokogawa’s industrial automation (IA) product and service offerings, industry domain knowledge, and VigilantPlant approach – which emphasizes safe, secure, and uninterrupted operations -- provide a solid foundation for an Industrial Internet of Things that specifically addresses the requirements of process automation, particularly for the OT side of the equation. To be able to provide an equally solid foundation for the IT side, Yokogawa is partnering with Cisco Systems and other industry leaders.

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Vortex flow meters utilize a fluid phenomenon in which frequencies of Karman vortex streets released from a shedder bar inserted in a flow are proportional to flow velocities.

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One solution packaged for production control systems today is a system comprising a PLC and SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) software that runs on a PC. An advantage of these systems is that they can be configured at considerably lower cost than systems that use dedicated devices as they use commercially available PCs.

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Wireless technology has a long history, and it began around the time that James C. Maxwell theoretically predicted and then proved the existence of electromagnetic waves in the 1860s, and when Heinrich R. Hertz experimentally confirmed the actual existence of the electromagnetic wave in 1888.

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Field instruments are expected to be equipped with diagnostic functions to predict abnormal process conditions, and are also expected to expand these functions. The ability to extract diagnostic information for prediction and prevention from various physical process quantities measured by devices and make it available allows the user to reduce non-essential and non-urgent maintenance and thus cut maintenance costs.

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In plant sites, there are various places such as those affording an unobstructed view like tank yards, and others surrounded by metal pipes and equipment obstructing the view (hereafter referred to "pipe jungles"), often seen in oil refinery and chemical on-site plants. The frequency band of radio waves used for field wireless communication is 2.4 GHz, which has high straightness and its ability to go around things can hardly be expected.

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The changes in social environment, such as globalization of enterprise activities, depletion of natural resources, and eco-oriented movement will affect the structure of mass production. Control systems must be prepared with flexibility and scalability in both size and function to adjust to the changes.

Yokogawa Technical Report
Overview:

The engineering phase holds the largest ratios in control system configuration in terms of both time and money, so improving engineering efficiency is one of the biggest issues when it comes to system integration. In the STARDOM, Application Portfolios (APPF) are devised to dramatically slash engineering costs and increase software reliability.

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As the world's societies become more connected, market competition is becoming more ruthless and transactions are performed at ever increasing speeds. Deregulation has ignited global competition throughout the world. The proliferation of Information and Internet technologies have accelerated the growth of global competition, with life cycles for high tech products having lives measured in "dog years" (in each normal year they advance seven years).

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The development of difficult to recover unconventional energy resources, is progressing. Figure 1 shows an example of how unconventional heavy oil is extracted from tar sand by reducing its viscosity with steam. To ensure efficient mining, changes in the underground temperature distribution will need to be monitored.

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Differential pressure transmitters, which serve as the core of field instrumentation, are widely used to measure the flow rate, pressure and density of liquids, gases and steam, as well as the level of liquid in a tank.

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Safe plant operation has long been pursued in all industries. Specifically, in the process automation industry which involves many hazardous elements, safety measures including explosion-protected systems have been adopted based on numerous tragic experiences.

Yokogawa Technical Report
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When evaluating mass flow rates using a primary device such as an orifice or nozzle in a differential pressure flow meter in order to make fluid density compensations, the upstream pressure (static pressure) and fluid temperature are measured in addition to the output of a regular differential pressure transmitter.

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For large scale geographically dispersed projects, there may be a hierarchy of individual Process Automation systems, which in turn are each responsible for a specific region, and are managed by a higher level system. Engineering of systems on this scale is a huge challenge, because each individual system has its own database and its own configuration.

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Intelligent field instruments and process analyzers accumulate diverse field information including process values and diagnostic results. This data needs to be sent to upper systems such as distributed control systems (DCS) via digital communications such as FOUNDATION Fieldbus and analyzer buses, or hybrid communications such as HART and Brain, and visualized to enable the customer to utilize them for plant operations and maintenance.

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We have developed the FCN (field control node) and FCJ (field control junction) autonomous controllers as the core of STARDOM, a solution that actualizes a network-based control system (NCS) Yokogawa proposes for increased production efficiency.

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Due to the rising energy demand in emerging countries in recent years, the amount of oil and gas production has been increasing, thus investment in the development of new oil and gas fields and replacement of old facilities has been booming.

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Many field devices are now being connected to process control systems through fieldbus communication. These field devices have intelligence, and so many settings and adjustments can be made through fieldbus communication.

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More than ten years have passed since the first digitized field devices were introduced. These support either a hybrid communication protocol such as HART or a full digital communication protocol such as FOUNDATION Fieldbus.

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The specifications of the ISA100.11a wireless communication standard of the International Society of Automation (ISA) for industrial automation were published, and companies are developing products based on the standard. The ISA100.11a has many features such as high reliability including redundancy, network scalability, and support for various protocols for industrial automation.

Overview:

Instrumentation devices and equipment serve for plants as the eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and skin, which are responsible for the five senses, and act as the central nervous system and brain do for human beings. The reliability and availability of such devices and equipment are the most important requirements of customers.

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Vortex flow meters have been appreciated by users as volume flow meters, which can, in principle, be applied to any flow measurement of liquid, gas, or steam. Volume flow measurement is enough for substances with small variations in density such as liquid. 

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In 1988, Yokogawa launched the ADMAG series of magnetic flow meters with increased resistance to fluid noise and zero stability, employing dual frequency excitation which was developed based on its long-cultivated technology for flow measurement. Since then, the ADMAG family has augmented its application range with such models as explosion-proof and integral types, and a capacitance type.

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Since the release of the DPharp EJ series in 1991 and the DPharp EJA series in 1994, nearly 1.2 million of these transmitters have been operating all over the world. Recently, we have also developed the EJX series of even more compact, lightweight and advanced transmitters with multi- sensing capabilities built using silicon resonant sensor technology.

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In recent years, more field wireless devices have been used in hazardous areas. Meanwhile, in plants that are usually recognized as hazardous areas, there are numerous metallic tanks and pipes that easily shield or reflect radio waves, as discussed later, thus resulting in a poor environment for wireless communication.

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The Coriolis flow meter has many features such as direct measurement of mass flow and measurement of fluid density, which other flow meters do not support. Therefore, since being introduced for practical use in the late 1970s, its market has rapidly expanded in many industries such as oil, chemicals, and foods.

Overview:

Yokogawa has been leading the process automation industries as one of the pioneers in field digital technologies represented by the FOUNDATION fieldbus™ and Field Device Tool/Device Type Manager (FDT/DTM).

Información del Producto

    Información del Producto
    Overview:

    Well Producer will help the customer operate the wellsite without any complicated engineering effort.

    Overview:

    Yokogawa presents a walk through of the Well Producer Well Pad Automation Solution for the upstream market. This video consists of a quick presentation covering the basic concept of Well Producer and follows up with a review of the built in customizable Web interface for configuring and reviewing the operational parameters of gas well pads - including plunger lift control and electronic gas metering. Well Producer can be customized to fit the specific needs of operators and is based on Yokogawa's flexible and robust Stardom RTU platform.

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