해상플랜트 (FPSO FLNG & FSRU)

해상 탐사 및 생산에는 열악한 조건 아래 최대의 가동 시간이 요구됩니다. 유인 및 무인 시설에서는 신뢰성이 확보된 원격 모니터링 기능을 갖춘 안정적인 통합제어 및 안전시스템 (ICSS)이 필요합니다. Yokogawa는 모든 규모 및 복잡한 자동화 단계의 해양프로젝트를 수행하는 데 있어 최첨단 기술과 광범위한 경험을 보유하고 있습니다.

Customer Challenge

시스템 통합

Our Solutions

FPSO용 통합 제어 및 안전 시스템 (ICSS) 공급 업체인 CENTUM VP 프로세스 제어 시스템 (PCS) 및 선체/윗면 제어를 위한 ProSafe-RS 안전 시스템, 해저 컨트롤 및 인터페이스 솔루션을 갖춘 터렛 계류 시스템 및 계측기 관리를 위한 PRM (Plant Resource Manager) 패키지 이들은 기계 모니터링 시스템, 프로세스 데이터 서버 및 운영자 교육 및 유지 보수 시스템과 같은 타사 시스템과 통합되어 있습니다.

ICSS는 관련 상부 시설, 규정 제어 및 켜기/끄기 제어를 비롯한 처리 시설의 모니터링 및 제어를 수행합니다. 또한 프로덕션 데이터 보고서, 다른 하위 시스템 및 휴먼 머신 인터페이스 (HMI) 콘솔, 아카이브, 기록과의 인터페이스를 생성하고 다른 인터페이스 시스템 및 관리 보고 시스템에 데이터를 전송합니다.
ICSS는 모든 제어 및 안전 기능의 중앙 집중식 공장 감독 및 관리를 가능하게 합니다.

Customer Benefits

안정적이고 효율적인 작동

Enabling Technology

CENTUM VP Integrated Production Control System

CENTUM VP는 Yokogawa의 최신 통합 생산 관리 시스템으로 분산 제어 시스템 (DCS)이라고도합니다. CENTUM VP는 보다 직관적인 HMI와 데이터를 빠르고 안정적으로 처리할 수 있는 보다 강력한 FCS를 갖추고 있습니다. 페어 및 스페어 CPU 구성과 같은 기능 덕분에 CENTUM VP는 99.99999% (Seven-9s) 가용성을 달성합니다.

ProSafe-RS Process Safety System

Yokogawa는 세계 최초로 프로세스 산업에 적합한 ProSafe-RS를 출시함으로써 기존에 DCS와의 비호환성의 시대를 끝내고 DCS와 완벽하게 통합할 수 있는 새로운 "안전 PLC"를 제시합니다.

Customer Challenge

유연하고 모듈 방식의 시스템 통합

Our Solutions

Yokogawa FLNG의 ICSS 아키텍처와 솔루션은 이 기술을 유연한 모듈 방식으로 활용합니다. Yokogawa는 "최초의 LNG"가 만들어지기까지 리스크를 최소화하기 위하여 설계, 설치 및 시운전 과정에서 전체 통합 모듈형 시스템을 설계할 때 분산형 ICSS 아키텍처를 최대한 활용합니다. 다른 프로세스 모듈의 자동 제어 및 안전/화재 및 가스 시스템이 전용 네트워크 세그먼트 및 컨트롤러는 물론 각 자치 시스템에 대한 분산 I/O 모듈을 활용합니다.

대규모 모듈의 경우 세그먼트를 지원하는 전용 운영 스테이션이 LER (Local Equipment Room)에 설치됩니다.

Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO)

 


Photo courtesy of MODEC, Inc.

 

FPSO (Floating Production, Storage, and Offloading) 장치는 생산된 탄화수소에 대한 처리 장비와 저장 장치를 모두 저장하는 유동식 해양 생산 시설입니다. 탄화수소는 플랫폼 또는 해저 템플릿에 의해 생산된 다음 FPSO 시설로 전달됩니다. 그런 다음 FPSO 시설은 파이프라인이나 유조선을 통해 수송될 때까지 오일을 처리하고 저장합니다. FPSO (Floating Production Storage and Offloading) 장치는 석유 회사가 원거리 및 더 깊은 곳에서 석유를 경제적으로 생산할 수 있게 하는 데 사용됩니다.

Floating LNG (FLNG)

Yokogawa는 LNG 프로젝트를 수행하는 데 30년 이상의 경험을 갖고 있으며 중요한 엔지니어링 지식을 보유하고 있습니다. Yokogawa는 액화(Liquefaction), 재액화(Regasification) 및 LNG 운송에서 얻은 지식과 함께 해외 생산 시설에 대한 풍부한 경험을 결합하여 라이프타임 동안 FLNG 프로젝트를 수행하는 방법과 기능을 제공합니다.

 

FSRU (Floating Storage and Regasification Unit)

수년간의 연구 결과에 따르면 대규모의 부유식 생산, 저장 및 하역 (FPSO) 선박은 LNG 프로젝트를 위한 가능한 솔루션이 되고 있습니다. 역외 및 육상 천연가스 액화 및 재기화 공장은 서로 다른 요구 사항을 가지고 있지만, 검증된 액화 및 재기화 공정에 의존하고 있습니다. 밸러스트 및 화물 적재/하역 통제 또한 LNG선과 매우 유사합니다. Yokogawa는 풍부한 LNG 액화, 재기화 및 캐리어 경험과 다양한 종류의 부유식 생산 시스템에 대한 전문 지식을 바탕으로 LNG (FLNG) 및 플로팅 스토리지 및 재기화 장치 (FSRU) 프로젝트를 위한 다양한 생산 관리, 자산 관리, 안전 관리, 전원 관리 및 압축기 제어 솔루션을 제공할 수 있습니다.

Overview:
  • Completion of First FPSO Project for Prosafe Production Services Pte Ltd
  • Integrated Control & Safety System (ICSS) makes possible centralised plant supervision and management of all control and safety functions on this FPSO.
Overview:
  • Successful implementation thanks to coordination, team spirit and parallel engineering
  • Online modifications without stopping production through user friendly engineering tools
Overview:
  • Yokogawa's integrated solution contributed to reliable and efficient operation.
  • All the instrument information is fully integrated with the instrument management system.
Overview:
  • Yokogawa provides CENTUM VP subsea and topsides integrated control systems to Stones subsea wells in the Gulf of Mexico.
  • The high reliable CENTUM VP system was ideally suited for the world's deepest subsea facility.
Overview:
  • Effeciently controls the inlet valve and blow-off valve when the compressor starts and stops.
  • During steady operation, controls the inlet valve so that the amount of discharged compressed air becomes constant (flow control)
  • Surging: Load decreases, the amount of discharge flow and pressure drop, and a limit is exceeded, possibly destroying the compressor.
Overview:

STARDOM field control node (FCN) autonomous controllers allow both Modbus master and slave functions to run simultaneously.

Overview:

Gas flow data calculated by an RTU can be sent back to a transmitter using the two-way communications capability of FOUNDATION fieldbus.

Overview:

To make the most of the advantages of GPRS, Yokogawa's STARDOM FCN/FCJ intelligent RTUs and FAST/TOOLS SCADA package have several functions that reduce the number of packets that must be sent. This dramatically lowers communication fees.

Overview:

Operators must receive diagnostic information before a line block leads to a malfunction. Yokogawa provides predictive diagnostics based on trend analysis of the blocking factor, which improves maintenance efficiency and reduces maintenance costs.

Application Note
Overview:

Level transmitter configuration can be very time consuming. DPharp transmitters with advanced software functionality eliminate this time consuming task. With maintenance shops getting smaller, finding equipment that allows us to do more with less becomes a priority.

Application Note
Overview:

One of the most common applications for differential pressure transmitters is flow measurement. DPharp differential pressure transmitters have some unique signal conditioning features to eliminate instability at low flow rates.

Overview:

The major methods of improved oil recovery are water flooding and steam injection. "These technologies make a tremendous contribution to recovering additional oil from old wells as well as improve primary recovery of operating oil fields."

Overview:

The paperless recorder DX series instruments allow you to determine temperature and humidity, and manage the results as manufacturing and quality data at a reasonable cost with a simple configuration.

Overview:

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a separation process that uses pressure to force a solution through a membrane that retains the solute on one side and allows the pure solvent to pass to the other side. More formally, it is the process of forcing a solvent from a region of high solute concentration through a membrane to a region of low solute concentration by applying a pressure in excess of the osmotic pressure.

Overview:

Yokogawa provides controller embedded flow calculation library based on AGA (American Gas Association) reports.

Overview:

Floating-point format calculations have enabled physical quantities (in engineering units) to be used in calculations.

Overview:
  • Compressor start and stop
    The inlet valve and blow-off valve are controlled efficiently.
  • During steady-state operation
    The inlet valve is controlled to regulate the blow-off flow rate of the compressed air. (Flow control)
Overview:

Industrial Combustion sources such as thermal cracking furnaces and, process heaters play a critical role in the process industry.

Overview:

Recently, several ARC Advisory Group analysts and management team members had a chance to sit down with the new Yokogawa President and COO, Mr. Takashi Nishijima, and several other top Yokogawa executives to discuss the company's burgeoning presence in the worldwide upstream and midstream oil & gas industry.

Overview:

Alarm management is not just a project that has a start and end date; it's a continuous cycle. Once the alarm system has been reviewed and improvements have been identified, we must check that controls are in place to ensure the alarm system remains functional. The key is to ensure that the system is continuously monitored and any changes are fully documented. There are seven key steps for alarm management. Rationalization is one of those critical steps.

Overview:

Tuning PID controllers can seem a mystery. Parameters that provide effective control over a process one day fail to do so the next. The stability and responsiveness of a process seem to be at complete odds with each other. And controller equations include subtle differences that can baffle even the most experienced practitioners. 

Overview:

The worlds of process automation and production management have been converging for some time. What once used to be islands of automation and production management functionality connected through highly proprietary integration schemes that were costly to maintain have developed into integrated platforms that provide seamless data exchange between the world of automation and the plant floor, the functions of production and operations management, and integration with business level systems.

Overview:

The world of process automation is governed by procedures. While we like to refer to the process industries as being largely "continuous", this could not be further from the truth. Process manufacturing is constantly in flux.

Overview:

The automation suppliers that will be successful in the long term will be those that effectively address application or industry specific problems for end users with a value proposition that cannot be ignored. These problems exist throughout the process industries today, and they won't be solved by simply offering a product, but through a combination of hardware, software, services, application expertise, and knowledge.

Overview:

In ARC's view, customers need a compelling business value proposition to justify investment in any kind of automation. Vigilance and VigilantPlant were created with this in mind. Yokogawa's vision with VigilantPlant is to create an environment where plant personnel and operators are well informed, alert, and ready to take action. 

Overview:

Yokogawa has come a long way in making its message clear to the world of process automation. Last year, the company embarked on a full-scale global marketing campaign to make customers aware of the company's focus on system reliability, security, dependability, and robustness. Dubbed "Vigilance", the campaign created a unified message for the company and greatly helped expand awareness of the Yokogawa brand and corporate philosophy.

Overview:

Process automation end users are under more pressure than ever to do more with less. The current economic climate means that many automation capital projects are on hold. With capital budgets tighter than ever, users instead focus on operational budgets (where cost cutting is also a key concern), or on automation investments with a very rapid return on investment.

Overview:

In today's dynamic industrial marketplace, the only constant is change. Raw material costs, energy costs, market demands, environmental and safety regulations, technology, and even the nature of the labor force itself are constantly changing, and not always in predictable directions.

Overview:

Migration of a refinery's DCS provided an opportunity to reconfigure and consolidate the control rooms and operational management system.

Overview:

July 2011

Process plants are run according to operational procedures. These procedures consist of a set of tasks that are executed in a consistent manner to achieve a specific objective, such as starting up, shutting down or transitioning a unit as part of making a product. 

Overview:

July 2010

Martin te Lintelo, Yokogawa Europe B.V., The Netherlands, discusses high level control system design for LNG receiving terminals. As demand for LNG increases worldwide, players face seemingly conflicting challenges. On one hand, they must expand capacity in different regions, make the business and production as agile and adaptive as possible, and improve operational efficiency.

Overview:

The LNG sector presents challenges for the automation supplier, particularly in the implementation of automation systems for regasification terminals. Yokogawa Europe's business development manager, upstream oil and gas Martin te Lintelo looks at the handling of the potential automation-related problem areas and opportunities.

Overview:

August 2006

Many published papers discuss the benefits of subsea HIPPS and many studies show the potential cost-benefit analysis of this technology in deepwater applications. An internet search for subsea HIPPS is informative; however, little appears that discusses the systems already delivered and operating successfully.

Overview:

Chevron turns to deeper relationships with fewer suppliers to increase project execution consistency

Overview:

Pipeline & Gas Journal, February 2014

The line of functionality between supervisory control and data acquisition and distributed control system is blurring.  These two traditionally disparate technologies are now seen as competitors in similar application environments.

Overview:

Offshore, February 2013

Offshore and deep-water production has been a significant factor in the sustained growth of the oil and gas industries over the past decade and this trend is expected to continue beyond 2013. 

Interviews

기술 및 솔루션, 요꼬가와에 대한 자세한 정보를 찾고 계십니까?


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