Download (250 KB)


Level transmitter configuration can be very time consuming. Calculations required to determine proper range values for traditional transmitters can become complex due to the physical layout of an application.

With maintenance shops getting smaller, finding equipment that allows us to do more with fens becomes a priority. DPharp transmitters with advanced software functionality can eliminate these complex calculations.


Using typical smart or conventional products, all the following must be considered:

The specific gravity of the process SGP

Precise location of 0% and 100%

Specific Gravity of the capillary fill fluid
   (or sealing fluid used in impulse piping)

Exact orientation oi the transmitter to the vessel H2
Vertical distance between the process conn. H1

Depending on the application, the vessel may be open (referencing atmosphere) or closed (under a blanket pressure).

Elevation is typically used when the vessel is closed. To reference the blanket pressure, a low side remote seal may be used (or a wet leg). The capillary on remote seal creates a negative force on the transmitter equal to the vertical height times the specific gravity of the fill fluid.

Elevation = (H1 + H2) x SGFF

Suppression is a positive pressure created on the high-pressure side of the transmitter typically due to the transmitter being positioned below the 0% process connection. Suppression is present in both open arid closed vessels. Suppression is equal to the vertical distance between the 0% process connection and the transmitter times the Specific Gravity of the fill livid.

Suppression = H2 x SGFF

Span is the vertical distance between the process connections times the process medium's Specific Gravity.

Span = H1 x SGP

Figure 1: Closed Tank
Figure 1: Closed Tank

Now that you have the Elevation, Suppression, and Span, the calibration values can be calculated for the 0% (Empty) arid the 100% (Full).

Cal Value (0%) = Suppression - Elevation

Cal Value (100%) = (Suppression + Span) - Elevation

Example: (using figure 1)

SGP 0.9 H2 10 inches
SGFF 0.8 H1 20 inches

Cal Value 0%) = Suppression - Elevation
Cal Value (0%) = (H2 x SGFF) - (H1 + H2 x SGFF)
Cal Value (0%) = (10 x 0.8) - (20 + 10) x 0.8
Cal Value (0%) = 8 - 24
Cal Value 0%) = -16 inH2O

Cal Value (100%) = (Suppression + Span) - Elevation
Cal Value (100%) = ((H2 x SGFF) + (H1 x SGP)) - (H1 + H2) x SGFF
Cal Value (100%) = ((10 x 0.8) + (20 x 0.9)) - (20 + 10) x 0.8
Cal Value (100%) = (8 + 18) - 24
Cal Value (100%) = +2 inH2O

Therefore, Calibrated Range would be:

-16 inH2O  +2 inH2O
0% 100%
Empty Full


Related Products & Solutions

Absolute Pressure

Absolute Pressure transmitters compare a pressure relative to Absolute pressure. Absolute pressure is always a positive value.

Differential Pressure

Differential Pressure instruments compare two pressures and transmit the difference to a control unit. These transmitters have a limitless number of industrial applications.

Gauge Pressure

Gauge pressure instruments compare a pressure relative to atmospheric measure.

Liquid Level

Accurate level readings are essential to the safe, reliable, profitable operation of your plant. Liquid Level transmitters measure differential pressure to infer the level in a vessel.

Low Flow Integral Orifice

Using Bernoulli's equation, Differential Pressure transmitters can be used to infer the flow of fluid through a pipe.

Mass Flow (Multivariable)

There are several technologies on the market to measure mass flow. One is the Multi-variable Pressure Transmitter.


A Multi-Sensing transmitter combines transmitters for Differential Pressure, Gauge Pressure, and Temperature into one field instrument.

Pressure Transmitters

The accurate and stable measurement of process pressure with Yokogawa Pressure Transmitters supports the safe, reliable, and profitable operation of your plant.


Have Questions?

Contact a Yokogawa Expert to learn how we can help you solve your challenges.