Rotameters and Solar Silicon Wafer production

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rotameter1One of the major prohibitive factors for expanding solar power in the marketplace is the high cost. The primary cost drivers in solar cell marketing are materials and manufacturing processes. Most solar cells in use today use silicon as the semiconductor that enables the photoelectric effect within the solar cell. Silicon is abundant but also expensive and in high demand as the solar and electronics industries compete for global supplies. There is now a cost-effective process in use to extract the pure silicon needed for solar cells using less energy and reduced cost. This process is called the Fluidized Bed Reactor.


rotameter2In the Fluidized Bed Reactor, a raw silicon ore is introduced in a gaseous state. Large amounts of preheated hydrogen or helium are introduced creating a reaction that causes the pure silicon to be released and captured on seed particles that grow to become large super pure silicon spheres. Because of variances of the raw material coming into the reactor constant human attention is required. Operators need a large easy to read local flow indicator to maintain the correct flow rates needed for the process.


Because of their 6" large bold display and the optional 4-20 ma transmitter with digital display, Yokogawa's RAMC Rotameter was chosen to be the best fit for the required operation of the reactor. Operators could easily see the changes in gas flows needed to maintain proper operation. The optional transmitter with the 4-20 ma or pulse output gives direct feedback to an operator in a control room. Additionally, the RAMC has both FM and ATEX intrinsically safe certifications for use in possible explosive atmospheres.

Solar Silicon Facilities

To assist you in locating these silicon wafer opportunities in your area, below is a link that lists all the refinement plants in the United States.

Related Products & Solutions


The RAKD Rotameter is used for measurement of liquids and gases and is highly accurate, particularly for low flows and high pressure applications.


The RAMC combines all the advantages of the variable area principle with robust design and reliable measurement. A truly universal flowmeter for gases, liquids and steam applications.

Air   Water

Custom Applications

Rotameters (Variable Area Flow Meters)

Variable area flow meters, or rotameters, are some of the oldest devices used for flow measurement, known for their flexibility across various applications and high reliability.


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