Vortex Flow Meters

Providing Accurate Vortex Flow Measurements for Decades

Yokogawa's digitalYEWFLO series vortex flow meters are long-lasting and robust, offering field-proven sensor technology and high reliability to deliver improvements in plant efficiency and reduce operating costs.

A Maintenance-Free Flow Meter

Featuring a unique sensor design for accurately identifying and eliminating noise, our vortex flow meters provide stable and accurate measurements without any need for startup tuning, reducing maintenance costs and giving you peace of mind.

  • The classic vortex flow meter provides accurate, stable measurements for a wide variety of applications.

  • The multivariable type vortex flow meter features a shedder bar with an embedded temperature sensor that monitors temperature and calculates mass flow rate.

  • The ideal solution for measuring low flow, featuring built-in concentric reducers.

  • The solution for high process temperature and cryogenic applications.

Advanced Self-Diagnostics

digitalYEWFLO vortex flow meters feature Spectral Signal Processing (SSP) and adaptive noise suppression (ANS) to provide a higher signal to noise ratio and eliminate the need for startup adjustment.

SSP analyzes the vortex waveform into its spectral components to filter noise from the signal for the most optimal flow measurement possible. ANS analyzes the incoming signals and adapts to the changing noise conditions to provide a clear flow signal, making it possible to block out the majority of pipe vibration.

 

Reduced Maintenance and Total Cost of Ownership

In addition to the advanced self-diagnostics functions, a de-clogging alarm notifies the operator of any obstructions in the pipe, preventing inaccurate measurements. If obstructions are present, Yokogawa’s unique design of the shedder bar allows the operator to replace it without removing it from the process or replacing the meter.

High Level of Safety

All digitalYEWFLO vortex flow meters are SIL approved, and SIL 2 approval can be obtained with a dual meter design for redundant use. In addition, the reduced bore type vortex increases safety by eliminating the need for reducers or expanders, reducing the amount of leak paths.

Accurate Measurement

Yokogawa vortex flow meters use an unblemished (hermetically sealed) design with two piezoelectric sensors installed in one single shedder bar. These sensors are 180 degrees out of phase allowing easy identification of potential noise to be eliminated, producing a clearer signal to yield more accurate results.

Wide Range of Applications

Yokogawa vortex meters are ideal for a variety of process condition handling, spanning from high temperature to cryogenic, and high pressure. This makes them ideal for a wide range of industries and applications including:

  • Steam related
  • Refining
  • Chemical
  • Oil & Gas
  • District energy
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Petrochemical

Low Flow Conditions

Yokogawa’s digitalYEWFLO Reduced Bore Type Vortex Flow Meter features a built-in concentric reducer and expander that enables stable flow rate measurements in low flow conditions. This expands the range of measurements that can be performed, from the higher flow rates down to the lower end of the flow span, and ensures stable and accurate flow rate output, which is normally difficult for vortex flow meters.

Steam Flow Measurement

Steam has often been described as the 'lifeblood' of the industry. Vortex meters are known to be superior devices for steam flow measurement due to their inherent linear measurement, large turndown, low pressure drop, and high accuracy.

The multivariable vortex flow meter is ideal for high temperature, superheated, and saturated steam applications since it eliminates the need for separate components and associated installation temperature. In addition, it provides quality, dependability and high pressure ratings along with a stable and reliable flow measurement.

Read the application note to learn more.

Liquid Applications

Liquid applications in the oil refinery industry become challenging since the process liquid is a higher viscosity at lower process temperatures. As a result, clogging becomes an issue when a flow meter has moving parts.

digitalYEWFLO vortex meters have advanced self-diagnostics that alert the operator if clogging or plugging in the area around the shedder bar are present. Alerts are also triggered in high-vibration environments and those with excessive flow fluctuations in the area around the shedder bar. This enables automatic condition-based maintenance.

Reverse Osmosis

RO systems are designed for automatic operation and require routine preventative and corrective maintenance. Common problems include membrane fouling and the use of improper flow rates.

Vortex flow meters measure low-conductivity flow, are cost-efficient, and deliver accurate flow rates, making them perfect for reverse osmosis applications.

Classic

Classic digitalYEWFLO vortex flow meters are available in a number of different sizes ranging from 1/2-inch to 16-inch. Available with wafer style or flanged style (ANSI Class 150 to ANSI Class 900), digitalYEWFLO has the size you need.

Classic vortex flow meters include spectral signal processing (SSP) to provide enhanced vibration immunity and optimum, stable flow measurements. Even under fluctuating flow rate conditions, SSP outputs only the appropriate vortex frequencies with no manual adjustments needed.

 


multivariable vortex flow meter Multivariable

The multivariable vortex flow meter can measure flow rate and temperature simultaneously, eliminating the need for separate components and associated installation costs. The embedded temperature sensor inside the shedder bar directly outputs the mass flow rate of saturated steam and computes the flow rate in real time based on the measured temperature.

 


Reduced Bore

The Reduced Bore digitalYEWFLO meter was designed to capture the low flow applications without the need to install concentric reducers. It is very common in vortex meter applications to use a smaller meter compared to the line size. This requires the installation of concentric reducers along with the correct amount of upstream and downstream meter run to ensure a proper flow profile into the meter. By utilizing built-in concentric reducers, we can reduce the meter ID by either one or two meter sizes. This feature allows you to install a line size meter, reduce installation cost, and measure your low flows.

 


High Temperature / Cryogenic

digitalYEWFLO vortex flow meters offer high temperature and cryogenic options for high and low temperature applications.

The High Process Temperature option measures process mediums at temperatures as high as 450 °C, ideal for high temperature superheated and saturated steam applications.

The Cryogenic option can measure process mediums at temperatures as low as -196 °C, ideal for low temperature applications such as liquid oxygen.

 


Remote

Remote electronics allows you to locate the indicator away from the process measurement point, so it can be accessed from a more convenient or visible area. Remote digitalYEWFLO vortex flow meters are available in a number of different sizes ranging from 1/2-inch to 16-inch. Available with wafer style or flanged style (ANSI Class 150 to ANSI Class 900), digitalYEWFLO has the size you need.

The image here shows the meter with Stainless Steel housing. The SS housing is an available option for all Yokogawa digitalYEWFLO Vortex Flow Meters.

 


Customized Applications

For customized applications, our digitalYEWFLO vortex flow meters offer high-pressure, dual sensor, high-purity, and butt welded type meters suited for your application.

Vortex Flow Meters use the Von Karman Effect to measure the rate of flow of a fluid or gas.

What is the Von Kármán Effect?

Early in the 20th century, a Hungarian-American mathematician and physicist, Theodore von Kármán, discovered that a fluid or gas flowing perpendicularly pass a bluff body would generate alternating vortices on both sides of the body.  The path of these vortices is called the Von Kármán Street.

Von Karman (3)

Von Kármán found that if the frequency of these vortices was measured, that the frequency is proportional to the flow velocity that is generating the vortices. This frequency is called the Kármán Vortex Frequency. The relationship of the frequency and the flow velocity can be mathematically expressed with the following formula:

Vortex Formula (3)

From the equation, we can see that the frequency is proportional to the velocity. If we can measure the frequency (f), know the Strouhal number (St), know the shedder bar width (d); we can solve for v (velocity).

Vortex Formula 2 (1)

How do we measure the frequency of the vortices?

As vortices form and pass the shedder bar (the bluff body), they create a low pressure as compared to the rest of the fluid. This low pressure produces a differential pressure (dp) across the shedder bar. The high pressure side of the dp exerts stress on the shedder bar in the direction of the low pressure. As the location of the low pressure side alternates due to the vortices switching from side-to-side, the change in direction of the exerted force causes the shedder bar to oscillate. This oscillation is equal to the Kármán Vortex Frequency

Vortices 2 (4)

There are several methods in the marketplace to measure the oscillation. Diaphragms or capacitance sensors are two of the more common; but, the best method is the use of Piezo-electric crystal sensors. These sensors, when compressed, produce an electric signal that can be sent to the flow meter's electronics. Now that the Kármán Vortex Frequency is measured (and we know the St and d), the flow meter electronics can do simple calculations to determine volumetric flow through the pipe.

 

 

Yokogawa released the world's first vortex flowmeter in 1968. Thanks to its long-term stability and high accuracy, our customers have achieved significant improvements in productivity over the past forty years. In response to ever-changing market needs, Yokogawa has gone on to release high temperature, cryogenic, dual-sensor, reduced bore, and FOUNDATION Fieldbus communication versions of this product.

Vortex Timeline (2)
      Yokogawa's forty+ years of Vortex Flowmeter innovation.

Overview:
  • Fieldbus technology introduced to realize predictive and preventive maintenance.
  • ISAE to improve the reliability of diagnosis and parameter setting, utilizing data collected by PRM.
Overview:
  • Yokogawa's integrated solution contributed to reliable and efficient operation.
  • All the instrument information is fully integrated with the instrument management system.
Overview:

Measuring energy consumption is an important factor in the quest to improve energy efficiency. Efficient and accurate metering is paramount to determining excess use, along with an accurate picture of where the steam is being used. The more accurate and reliable measurements that are made, the more informed decisions can be taken that affect costs and product quality. Traditionally the most common method of steam metering is the orifice plate and differential pressure transmitter technique. General areas of concern with this type of measurement are the orifice plate's susceptibility to wear introducing immediate inaccuracies, the relatively high permanent pressure losses introduced into the system by the orifice place and the small measuring range, typically 3:1.

Yokogawa's digitalYEWFLO Reduced Bore Type Vortex Flow meter features a cast stainless steel body and a concentric reducer and expander that enable stable flow rate measurements in low-flow conditions. This expands the range of measurements that can be performed, from the higher flow rates down to the lower end of the flow span, which is normally difficult for Vortex Flow meters, and ensures stable and accurate flow rate output.

Overview:

Vortex flow meters utilize a fluid phenomenon in which frequencies of Karman vortex streets released from a shedder bar inserted in a flow are proportional to flow velocities.

Overview:

Progress in digital signal processing and network technologies has enabled advanced functions which cannot be achieved by traditional field devices with 4-20 mA signal, to be implemented on field devices. Standardization of international fieldbus specifications, notably the FOUNDATION™ Fieldbus, has enabled users to build optimum field networks comprised of freely chosen field devices from various device vendors.

Overview:

Vortex flow meters have been appreciated by users as volume flow meters, which can, in principle, be applied to any flow measurement of liquid, gas, or steam. Volume flow measurement is enough for substances with small variations in density such as liquid. 

Overview:

The operating principle of the vortex flow meters YEWFLO series, which first became commercially available in 1979, is based on the phenomenon in which the frequency of a Kàrmàn vortex train that occurs from a vortex shedder placed in a fluid flow, is proportional to the speed of that flow.

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