Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometers (TDLS) are laser-based gas analyzer which provide a fast-update optical analysis. The TDLS line offers measurements for process gas, flue gas, impurity analysis, custody transfer, safety, with in-situ and extractive methods supported.
In the chemical, power and refining industries, Yokogawa TDLS technology is acknowledged in a 2012 EPRI research study and the API 556 standard as the technology required for safe and environmentally responsible combustion applications.
The TDLS220 is specifically designed for accurate, reliable and low maintenance measurement of volume percent (vol%) oxygen (O2) for safety and process applications. It is a viable alternative to paramagnetic O2 analyzers.
Yokogawa’s new TDLS8000 houses all of the industry’s leading features in one robust device. The platform design is for in situ measurements which negates the need for sample extraction and conditioning.
The TruePeak Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometers operate by measuring the amount of a laser light that is absorbed as it travels through the gas being measured. Involving no sensor contact with the process and no moving parts, it leads to a high mean time between failures (MTBF) and hence a low long term cost of ownership (LTCO).
Fired heaters are integral to industrial processes, including hydrocarbon processing and power generation. Specifically designed for the reaction of fuel and air to produce extremely high gas temperatures, heaters transfer this energy to potentially highly flammable process fluids via heat exchangers. They consume large quantities of fuel, produce large quantities of emissions and are a potential safety hazard to personnel and plant.
Yokogawa TDLS analyzers help control fired heater combustion with ever greater accuracy and reliability. There are measureable rewards for operating fired heaters at Low Excess Air (LEA) levels. In LEA combustion control, the lowest level of fuel is consumed and the products of combustion are cooled the least by unused excess air.
The cost benefits of these efficiencies are considerable, with just a single percentage saving in fuel enabling savings of tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars per year. Controlling air levels just above the point at which incomplete combustion starts also enables the "cleanest burn," helping plants meet environmental emissions requirements. This in particular reduces the emission of NOx.
The ammonia (NH3) gas is injected to remove the NOx and thus reduce the NOx concentration in the stack flue gas. With conventional NH3 analyzers that perform measurements indirectly, NH3 concentrations are obtained through a sampling system. Therefore, there are problems with the maintenance and running costs of the sampling system, and time delays in measurement. The TDLS200 Laser Analyzer is the solution to all these problems.
In maintaining and managing industrial plants, monitoring waste water pH/ORP is both a legal obligation and an unavoidable necessity for protecting the environment. Monitoring without an attentive eye can lead to severe consequences.
Electrolysis plants create hydrogen and chlorine from a brine solution. Chlorine gas generated from the anolyte of the electrolysis tank generally contains between 0.5 to 2.0 vol% H2O. The sample is then cooled and filtered to remove brine, subsequently coming out as wet chlorine gas. The wet gas is sent to a drying tower where it is treated with sulfuric acid to get moisture down to the ppm level.
Considering safety and environmental issues such as combustion efficiency and decreasing NOX and CO in exhaust gas, it has become important to control O2 concentration in garbage incineration processes.
H2S management of exhaust gas in black liquor recovery boilers is required to meet an environmental regulations.
Tunable diode laser analyzers optimize combustion through direct measurement of O2, CO and methane.
With fired heaters, users hope to get greater efficiency and reduced emissions but often are disappointed. Given the number of fired heaters operating every day and their importance in the process industries, any improvements realized across the board will have huge impacts. More units can reach their potential with some simple changes in work practices and technology upgrades.
In recent years, shale gas extraction technology has made rapid progress, inducing a shale gas revolution mainly in the USA. Thus, the need for analysis of hydrocarbon gases, including natural gas, is expected to grow rapidly. Traditionally gas chromatography has been used for the analysis of hydrocarbon gases; it can accurately measure the concentration of each hydrocarbon component in a sample of natural gas.
Combustion furnaces such as heating furnaces and boilers in plants include various sizes and types, and serve as energy sources, that is, they are cores in all production activities. Because a large amount of fuel such as gas or fuel oil is consumed in plants, their combustion efficiency directly affects the performance and running cost of the plants.
Yokogawa Advanced Solutions recently sat down with László Cserna, Senior Project Manager at MOL Group where together we recently implemented the Yokogawa CombustionONE Furnace Optimisation Solution.
This webinar will explain the theory of operation of tunable diode laser spectrometers and the application thereof to gas fired reformers, boilers, & heaters as a layer of protection during startup and efficiency diagnostic during operation.
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