What are Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometers (TDLS)?
The TruePeak Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometers (TDLS) operate by measuring the amount of laser light that is absorbed as it travels through the gas being measured. The TDLS line offers measurements for process gas, flue gas, impurity analysis, custody transfer, safety, with in-situ and extractive methods supported. By utilizing no sensor contact with the process and no moving parts, it leads to a high mean time between failures (MTBF) and hence a low long-term cost of ownership (LTCO).
The TDLS220 is specifically designed for accurate, reliable and low maintenance measurement of volume percent (vol%) oxygen (O2) for safety and process applications. It is a viable alternative to paramagnetic O2 analyzers.
Yokogawa’s new TDLS8000 houses all of the industry’s leading features in one robust device. The platform design is for in situ measurements which negates the need for sample extraction and conditioning.
Yokogawa’s new TDLS8100 continues to house all of the industry’s leading features from the TDLS8000, but now only requiring a single-flange installation. An in-situ measurement with a probe removes the requirement for sample extraction and conditioning and can be used in a variety of aggressive process conditions.
In-Situ Measurement Allows for Quick Analyzer Response
Tunable diode laser spectrometers (TDLS) allow for real-time gas analysis that leads to increased efficiency, safety, throughput, quality, and environmental compliance. The non-contacting sensor allows measurements in the most severe conditions, such as high temperature, high pressure, corrosive/abrasive conditions, and high dust loading. This in-situ analyzer eliminates the need for sample handling and extraction and reduces the need for routine maintenance and calibration.
Improved OPEX and Safety
The TDLS8000 is attracting considerable attention from many refinery and petrochemical plants because it requires little maintenance and can measure the concentrations of O2 and CO/CH4 in the radiant section of large-scale combustion furnaces and process heaters in near real-time. This allows an unprecedented opportunity to optimize combustion efficiency leading to increased throughput, reduced emissions, and increased overall asset safety.
What are the Key Benefits of Tunable Diode Laser Measurements?
"I just want to make sure that there are no major incidents that occur."
"I need to make sure that we meet regulation standards."
Industry best practices and standards acknowledge TDLS as the technology required for safe and environmentally responsible combustion applications.
"I need to make sure that all the PMs get done in an 8hr day without any surprises."
"I need to minimize the maintenance turnaround times."
"I need to be able to chat with a specialist about detailed questions."
"Getting quotes even for simple products is time-consuming when I have to take time out of my already packed day to follow on status."
"We use old technology because we can't seem to justify the upgrade."
"I am concerned with the plant engineering resources utilized to make modifications or maintain the systems. There just is not enough people."
The ammonia (NH3) gas is injected to remove the NOx and thus reduce the NOx concentration in the stack flue gas. With conventional NH3 analyzers that perform measurements indirectly, NH3 concentrations are obtained through a sampling system. Therefore, there are problems with the maintenance and running costs of the sampling system, and time delays in measurement. The TDLS8000 Laser Analyzer is the solution to all these problems.
Electrolysis plants create hydrogen and chlorine from a brine solution. Chlorine gas generated from the anolyte of the electrolysis tank generally contains between 0.5 to 2.0 vol% H2O. The sample is then cooled and filtered to remove brine, subsequently coming out as wet chlorine gas. The wet gas is sent to a drying tower where it is treated with sulfuric acid to get moisture down to the ppm level.
Why Traditional Methods Fall Short of TDLS
Yokogawa’s TDLS8100 probe style analyzer operates on the principle of Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy (TDLS) and uses near-infrared (NIR) light to make process gas measurements. The TDLS8100 is an ideal solution for both oxygen and carbon monoxide measurements in process furnaces that have aggressive and corrosive components. The analyzer sensor is not in direct contact with the process and provides < 5-second response all while reducing time and costs associated with regular maintenance. The single flange entry allows direct replacement of conventional oxygen analyzers.
In maintaining and managing industrial plants, monitoring waste water pH/ORP is both a legal obligation and an unavoidable necessity for protecting the environment. Monitoring without an attentive eye can lead to severe consequences.
Considering safety and environmental issues such as combustion efficiency and decreasing NOX and CO in exhaust gas, it has become important to control O2 concentration in garbage incineration processes.
In recent years, shale gas extraction technology has made rapid progress, inducing a shale gas revolution mainly in the USA. Thus, the need for analysis of hydrocarbon gases, including natural gas, is expected to grow rapidly. Traditionally gas chromatography has been used for the analysis of hydrocarbon gases; it can accurately measure the concentration of each hydrocarbon component in a sample of natural gas.
Combustion furnaces such as heating furnaces and boilers in plants include various sizes and types, and serve as energy sources, that is, they are cores in all production activities. Because a large amount of fuel such as gas or fuel oil is consumed in plants, their combustion efficiency directly affects the performance and running cost of the plants.
Tunable diode laser analyzers optimize combustion through direct measurement of O2, CO and methane.
Spectrometric technology can assess many critical characteristics about products, but it has limits. It can be challenging to determine when the line has been crossed
The EPA rule, 40 CFR 63 Subparts CC and UUU, is forcing refineries to monitor flares. Fortunately, modern analyzer technology makes it possible to meet the requirements, generate the necessary reports, and stay in compliance.
Here’s how to select the right analyzer to meet these demands.
With fired heaters, users hope to get greater efficiency and reduced emissions but often are disappointed. Given the number of fired heaters operating every day and their importance in the process industries, any improvements realized across the board will have huge impacts. More units can reach their potential with some simple changes in work practices and technology upgrades.
- Process Analyzers Analytical Instruments and Systems Overview
- Probe Type Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer TDLS8100 Brochure (5.3 MB)
- Looking for a better way to make limiting oxygen measurements over traditional paramagnetic and electrochemical methods? (3.6 MB)
- Improved Combustion Efficiency and Safety with TDLS Measurements (7.8 MB)
- Probe type Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer TDLS8100/TDLS8200 (1.7 MB)
- Pre-Engineered Solutions for Moisture in Chlorine (650 KB)
TDLS8100 Features and Benefits Video
Yokogawa Advanced Solutions recently sat down with László Cserna, Senior Project Manager at MOL Group where together we recently implemented the Yokogawa CombustionONE Furnace Optimisation Solution.
This webinar will explain the theory of operation of tunable diode laser spectrometers and the application thereof to gas fired reformers, boilers, & heaters as a layer of protection during startup and efficiency diagnostic during operation.
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